Evaluation of Chitin as Natural Coagulant in Water Treatment

  • V. Saritha Department of Environmental Studies, Gitam Institute of Science, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam-530 045, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • K. Swetha Chowdhary Department of Environmental Studies, Gitam Institute of Science, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam-530 045, Andhra Pradesh, India.
  • B. S.S.S. Harish Kumar Department of Environmental Studies, Gitam Institute of Science, Gitam University, Visakhapatnam-530 045, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Keywords: Alum, Chitin, Coagulation, Turbidity

Abstract

The use of synthetic coagulants is not regarded as suitable due to health and economic considerations. The present study was aimed to investigate the effects of alum as coagulant in conjunction with chitin as coagulant aid on the removal of turbidity, hardness and Escherichia coli from water. A conventional jar test apparatus was employed for the tests. The experiment was conducted at three different pH conditions of 6, 7 and 8. The dosages chosen were 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2mg/l. The results showed that turbidity decrease provided also a primary Escherichia coli reduction. Hardness removal efficiency was observed to be 93% at pH 7 with 1mg/l concentration by alum whereas chitin was stable at all the pH ranges showing highest removal at 1 and 1.5mg/l with pH 7. At low concentration chitin showed marginally better performance on hardness. In conclusion, using natural coagulants results in considerable savings in chemicals and sludge handling cost may be achieved.

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References

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Published
2012-04-01
How to Cite
Saritha, V., Chowdhary, K., & Kumar, B. (2012). Evaluation of Chitin as Natural Coagulant in Water Treatment. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 3(2), 109-114. Retrieved from http://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/109
Section
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