Assessment of variation in carbon pool in Bamboo plantation and managed Agricultural system

  • Kavita Tariyal Department of Applied Sciences & Humanities, THDC Institute of Hydropower Engineering & Technology Bhagirthipuram, Tehri Garhwal-249001, Uttarakhand, India.
Keywords: Bambusa balcooa, Bambusa nutans, Biomass carbon stock, Carbon pool, Carbon sequestration, Crop rotation, Litter decomposition

Abstract

The present study was conducted to quantify the carbon pool in two different vegetation systems, i.e. bamboo plantation and agricultural fields in the Tarai belt of Uttarakhand, India during 2011-13. Two bamboo plantation sites viz. Bambusa balcooa, Bambusa nutans, and two agricultural sites viz. C12, D7 were studied. The major parameters of the study involved litter decomposition study, carbon stocks in vegetation and soil, and carbon sequestration potential. The soil organic carbon stocks under the study sites B. balcooa, B. nutans, C12, and D7 were 65.40, 57.28, 37.48 and 36.32 t ha-1 respectively. Hence, the highest carbon sequestration potential was observed for B. balcooa plantation soil. The decomposition and nutrient dynamics in the decomposing leaves of the plantation were studied and regression equations were developed. In agricultural sites where crop rotation was main management practice applied, plant biomass carbon stock and soil carbon stock were estimated. In both sites (C12 and D7), biomass carbon stock was found very significant (5.28 and 5.12 t ha-1). In all sites, total biomass production was highest in B. balcooa (479.13 t ha-1) and so biomass carbon stock was too (233.84 t ha-1). Carbon sequestration potential was found more in biomass than in soil in the case of bamboo, but in agricultural sites, it was more in soil than biomass. Thus the present study clearly demonstrates that besides being an economic strength bamboo plant have shown encouraging results in the field of carbon sequestration potential. Also, the study has revealed the importance of agriculture in terms of carbon sequestration potential with the help of good management practices.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1]. Anderson, J.M. (1973). The breakdown and decomposition of sweet chestnut (Castanea sativa Mill) and beach (Fagus sylvatica L.) leaf litter in two deciduous woodland soils: II. Changes in the carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen and polyphenol content. Oecologia, 12: 275-288.
[2]. Arunachalam, A., Upadhyaya, K., Arunachalam, K. and Pandey, H.N. (2005). Litter decomposition and nutrient mineralization dynamics in two bamboo species growing in a 9-year-old "Jhum" fallow. J. Trop. For. Sci., 17(1): 33-44.
[3]. Bordovsky, D.G., Choudhary, M., Gerard, C.J. (1999). Effect of tillage, cropping, and residue management on soil properties in the Texas rolling plains. Soil Sci., 164:331–340.
[4]. Brady, N.C. (1990). “The Nature and properties of soils”. Macmillan, New York. 621 pp.
[5]. Bystriakova, N., Kapos, V., Lysenko, I. and Stapleton, C.M.A. (2003). Distribution and conservation status of forest bamboo biodiversity in the Asia‐Pacific region. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12:1833–1841.
[6]. Choudhary, M.L. (2008). One Year of National Bamboo Mission in the states of NE Region, West Bengal, Orissa, Jharkhand & Bihar 2007 – 2008. Cane & Bamboo Technology Centre, Guwahati, Assam, India.
[7]. Cole, C.V., Duxbury, J., Freney, J., Heinemeyer, O., Minami, K., Mosier, A., Paustian, K., Rosenberg, N., Sampson, N., Sauerbeck, D., Zhao, Q. (1997). Global estimates of potential mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions by agriculture. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosys., 49:221–228.
[8]. Das, D.K., Chaturvedi, O.P. (2003). Litter quality effects on decomposition rates of forestry plantations. Trop. Ecol., 44(2): 261-264.
[9]. DEFRA (Department for Environment Food and Rural Affairs, 2002). Stabilization and Commitment to Future Climate Change. Scientific Results from the Hadley Center, Berkshire, UK, Hadley Center.
[10]. Deka, H.K., Mishra, R.R. (1982). Decomposition of bamboo (Dendrocalamus hamiltonii Nees.) leaflitter in relation to age of jhum fallows in Northeast India. Plant and Soil, 68(2):151-159.
[11]. Eghball, B., Mielke, L.N., McCallister, D.L., Doran, J.W. (1994). Distribution of organic carbon and inorganic nitrogen in a soil under various tillage and crop sequences. J. Soil Water Conserv., 49:201–205.
[12]. Foereid, B. and Jensen, H.H. (2004). Carbon sequestration potential of organic agriculture in northern Europe – a modelling approach. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, 68: 13–24.
[13]. Follett, R.F. (2001). Soil management concepts and carbon sequestration in cropland soils. Soil & Tillage Research, 61:77-92.
[14]. Gallardo, A. and Merino, J. (1993). Leaf decomposition in two Mediterranean ecosystems of Southwest Spain: influence of substrate quality. Ecology, 74:152-161.
[15]. Halvorson, A.D., B.J. Wienhold, and A.L. Black (2002). Tillage, nitrogen, and cropping system effects on soil carbon sequestration. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 66:906–912.
[16]. Havlin, J.L., Kissel, D.E., Maddux, L.D., Claassen, M.M., Long, J.H. (1990). Crop rotation and tillage effects on soil organic carbon and nitrogen. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54: 448–452.
[17]. Huggins, D.R., Clapp, C.E., Allmaras, R.R., Lamb, J.A. (1995). Carbon sequestration in corn-soybean agro-ecosystems. In: Lal, R., Kimble, J., Levine, J.E., Stewart, B.A. (Eds.), Soil Management and Greenhouse Effect. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 61–68.
[18]. Jha, K.K. (2000). Teak (Tectona grandis) Ecology. Paryavaran Gyan Yagya Samiti, Lucknow, India. 278pp.
[19]. Sa, J.C.M., Cerri, C.C., Lal, R., Dick, W.A., Venzke Filho, S.P., Piccolo, M.C. & Feigl, B. (2001). Organic matter dynamics and carbon sequestration rates for a tillage chronosequence in a Brazilian Oxisol. Soil Sci. Soc. Amer. J., 65(5): 1486-1499.
[20]. Kimble, J.M., Heath, L.S., Birdsey, R.A., Lal, R. (2002). The Potential of U.S. Forest Soils to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect. Lewis Publishers, Boca Raton, FL, pp. 429.
[21]. Kou, T.J., Zhu, P., Huang, S., Peng, X.X., Song, Z.W., Deng, A.X., Gao, H.J., Peng, C. and Zhang, W.J. (2012). Effects of long-term cropping regimes on soil carbon sequestration and aggregate composition in rainfed farmland of Northeast China. Soil Tillage. Res., 118: 132-138.
[22]. Kumar, A. and Kumari, S. (2010). Sustainable development and bamboo cultivation for combating climate change in the Indian Context –a review. The Bioscan., 1:135 -140.
[23]. Kundu, S., Bhattacharyya, R., Prakash, V., Ghosh, B.N., Gupta, H.S. (2007). Carbon sequestration and relationship between carbon addition and storage under rainfed soybean–wheat rotation in a sandy loam soil of the Indian Himalayas. Soil & Tillage Research, 92:87–95.
[24]. Kundu, S., Singh, M., Tripathi, A.K., Manna, M.C., Takkar, P.N. (1997). Time-course of di-nitrogen fixation in soybean grown on Typic Haplusterts of Madhya Pradesh. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 45: 274–278.
[25]. Lal, R. (2004). Agricultural activities and the global carbon cycle. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosys., 70:103–116.
[26]. Lal, R., Kimble, J.M., Follett, R.F., Cole, C.V. (1998). The Potential of U.S. Cropland to Sequester Carbon and Mitigate the Greenhouse Effect. Sleeping Bear Press, Chelsea, MI, pp. 128.
[27]. Myrold, D.D. (1987). Relationship between microbial biomass nitrogen and a nitrogen availability index. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 51:1047-1049.
[28]. Nath, A.J. and Das, A.K. (2011). Carbon storage and sequestration in bamboo-based smallholder home gardens of Barak Valley, Assam. Current Science, 100(2):229-233.
[29]. Nath, A.J., Das, G. and Das, A.K. (2008). Above ground biomass, production and carbon sequestration in farmer managed village bamboo grove in Assam, northeast India. J. Am. Bamboo Soc., 21:32–40.
[30]. Nath, A.J., Das, G. and Das, A.K. (2009). Above ground standing biomass and carbon storage in village bamboos in North East India. Biomass and Bioenergy, 33:1188-1196.
[31]. NMBA (2004). The bamboo book. National mission on bamboo applications. Department of Science and Technology, New Delhi, p. 5–19.
[32]. Oelbermann, M., Voroney, R.P. and Gordon, A.M. (2004). Carbon sequestration in tropical and temperate agroforestry system: A review with examples from Costa Rica and southern Canada. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 104: 359-377.
[33]. Pan, G., Smith, P. and Pan, W. (2009). The role of soil organic matter in maintaining the productivity and yield stability of cereals in China. Agric. Ecosyst. Environ., 129:344–348.
[34]. Paustian K., Cole, V.C., Sauerbeck, D. and Sampson, N. (1998). CO2 mitigation by agriculture: An overview. Climatic Change, 40: 135–162.
[35]. Paustian, K., J. Six, E.T. Elliott, and H.W. Hunt. (2000). Management options for reducing CO2 emissions from agricultural soils. Biogeochemistry, 48:147-163.
[36]. Paustian, K., Parton, W.J., Persson, J. (1992). Modeling soil organic matter in organic-amended and nitrogen-fertilized long-term plots. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 56:476–488.
[37]. Post, W.M., R.C. Izaurralde, J.D. Jastrow, B.A. McCarl, J.E. Amonette, V.L. Bailey, P.M. Jardine, T.O. West and J. Zhou (2004). Enhancement of carbon sequestration in US soils. BioScience, 54 (10): 895-908.
[38]. Puri, S., Swamy, S.L. and Jaiswal, A.K. (2002). Evaluation of Populus deltoides clones under nursery, field and agrisilviculture system in subhumid tropics of central India. New Forests, 23: 45-61.
[39]. Ram, N., Singh, L., Kumar, P. (2010). Bamboo plantation diversity and its economic role in North Bihar, India. Nature and Science, 8(11):111-115.
[40]. Rasmussen, P.E. and Parton, W.J. (1994). Long-term effects of residue management in wheat-fallow: I input, yield, and soil organic matter. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 58:523–530.
[41]. Rees, R.M., Ball, B.C., Campbell, C.D. and Watson, C.A. (2001). Sustainable management of soil organic matter. CABI Publishing, UK. pp-60.
[42]. Robinson, C.A., Cruse, R.M. and Ghaffarzadeh, M. (1996). Cropping system and nitrogen effects on Mollisol organic carbon. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 60:264–269.
[43]. Rudrappa, L., Purakayastha, T.J., Singh, D., Bhadraray, S. (2005). Long-term manuring and fertilization effects on soil organic carbon pools in a Typic Haplustept of semi-arid sub-tropical India. Soil Till. Res., 88:180–192.
[44]. Sainju, U.M., Caesar-TonThat, T., Lenssen, A., Evans, R.G. and Kolberg, R. (2007). Long-Term Tillage and Cropping Sequence Effects on Dryland Residue and Soil Carbon Fractions. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 71:1730–1739.
[45]. Sainju, U.M., Lenssen, A., Caesar-TonThat, T. and Waddell, J. (2006). Tillage and crop rotation effects on dryland soil and residue carbon and nitrogen. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 70:668–678.
[46]. Sandretto, C. (1997). Crop residue management. Agricultural Resources and Environmental Indicators, Agricultural Handbook No. 712, pp. 155-74. U.S. Department of Agriculture/ Economic Research Service.
[47]. Scurlock, J.M.O., Dayton, D.C. and Hames, B. (2000). Bamboo: an overlooked biomass resource? Biomass and Bioenergy, 19: 229- 244.
[48]. Shah, Z., Shah, S.H., Peoples, M.B., Schwenke, G.D., Herridge, D.F. (2003). Crop residue and fertilizer N effects on nitrogen fixation and yields of legume–cereal rotations and soil organic fertility. Field Crops Res., 83:1–11.
[49]. Shanmughavel, P., Peddappaiah, R.S. and Muthukumar, T. (2001). Biomass production in an age series of Bambusa bambos plantations. Biomass and Bioenergy, 20: 113-117.
[50]. Shrestha, B.M. and Singh, B.R. (2008). Soil and vegetation carbon pools in a mountainous watershed of Nepal. Nutr. Cycl. Agroecosys., 81:179–191.
[51]. Singh, P., Dubey, P. and Jha, K.K. (2006). Biomass production and carbon storage at harvest age in superior Dendrocalamus strictus Nees. plantation in dry deciduous forest region of India. Indian J. of Forestry, 29(4): 353- 360.
[52]. Sperow, M., Eve, M. and Paustian, K. (2003). Potential soil C sequestration on U.S. agricultural soils. Climatic Change, 57:319–339.
[53]. Swamy, S.L, Mishra, A. and Puri, S. (2003). Biomass production and root distribution of Gmelina arborea under an agrisilviculture system in subhumid tropics of central India. New Forests, 26:167-186.
[54]. Swamy, S.L. and Puri, S. (2005). Biomass production and carbon sequestration of Gmelina arborea in plantation and agroforestry system in India. Agroforestry Systems, 64:181-195.
[55]. Upadhyay, A. (2007). An integrated study on carbon sequestration, litter decomposition, soil and plant community dynamics in Tarai forest plantations of Uttarakhand. Ph.D. Thesis, Department of Environmental Sciences, G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttarakhand, India.
[56]. West, T.O. & Post, W.M. (2002). Soil organic carbon sequestration rates by tillage and crop rotation: a global data analysis. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 66:1930–1946.
[57]. Witkamp, M. and Van Der Drift, J. (1961). Breakdown of forest litter in relation to environmental factors. Plant and Soil, 15(4): 295-311.
[58]. Yadvinder-Singh, Bijay-Singh, Maskina, M.S., Meelu, O.P. (1995). Response of wetland rice to nitrogen from cattle manure and urea in a rice–wheat rotation. Trop. Agric., 72: 91–96.
[59]. Yang, X., Lin, E., Ma, S., Ju, H., Guo, L., Xiong, W., Li, Y. and Xu, Y. (2007). Adaptation of agriculture to warming in Northeast China. Climatic Change, 84:45–58.
Published
2014-10-01
How to Cite
Tariyal, K. (2014). Assessment of variation in carbon pool in Bamboo plantation and managed Agricultural system. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 5(4), 126-136. Retrieved from http://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/204
Section
Articles