The Effect of Mulch, Pruning and Plant Density on Some Traits of Related to Production in Pepino
Keywords:Pepino, Mulch, Pruning, Plant Density
Pepino (Solanum muricatum) a new vegetable crops, is from Solanaceae family and cultivated as annual crops. In order to investigate the effects of mulch, pruning and plant density on some traits of related to production in Pepino, an experiment was conducted based on a randomized complete design with five replications at the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad greenhouse during 2009-2010. Traits such as leaf area, number of panicles per plant, number of fruits per plant, fruit length, fruit diameter and fruit weight. Treatment included: 3 levels of mulch (rice straw mulch, wood chips mulch and control), 3 levels of prune (two peduncular, 3 peduncular and controls) and 2 levels of plant density (3.3 and 4.3 plants per m2). The results indicated that the effect of mulch in all of the traits was significant (p≤0.01). Wood chips mulch in all of the traits was better than rice straw and control. Pruning was significant in all of the traits. The number of panicles and the number of fruits per plant were higher in tree peduncular but increasing the number of fruits was associated with a reduction in size. Interaction between mulch and pruning was significant in all of the traits. Plant density applied had significant effects on traits related to fruit.
Agele, S.O., Iremiren, G.O. & Ojeniyi, S.O. (1999). Effects of plant density and mulching on the performance of late-season tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) in southern Nigeria. J. Agric. Sci., 133(4): 397–402. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0021859699006942.
Ara, N., Bashar, M.K., Begum, S. & Kakon, S.S. (2007). Effect of Spacing and Stem Pruning on the Growth and Yield of Tomato. Int. J. Sustain. Crop Prod., 2(3): 35-39.
Awodoyin, R.O., Ogbeide, F.I., & Oluwole, O. (2010). Effects of Three Mulch Types on the Growth and Yield of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) and Weed Suppression in Ibadan, Rainforest-savanna Transition Zone of Nigeria. Tropical Agricultural Research and Extension, 10: 53–60. https://doi.org/10.4038/tare.v10i0.1871.
Bond, W. & Grundy, A.C. (2001). Non-chemical weed management in organic farming systems. Weed Res., 41(5): 383–405. https://doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3180.2001.00246.x.
Buhler, D.D., Hartzler, R.G. & Forcella, F. (1997). Weed Seed Bank Dynamics: Implications to weed management. J. Crop Prod., 1(1): 145–168. https://doi.org/10.1300/J144v01n01_07.
Resende, G.M.d. & Flori, J.E. (2004). Effect of plant spacing on the yield and quality of pickling cucumber cultivars. Hortic. Bras., 22(1): 117–120. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362004000100025.
Gómez, O., Casanova, A., Martínez, L., Hernández, J.C., De Armas, G., Santos, R. & Hernández, A. (1997). Principales resultados científicos en Hortalizas y papa. Cultivo del tomate. Memorias 25 Aniversario del Instituto de Investigaciones Hortícolas "Liliana Dimitrova". Cuba. p. 11-19.
Janssens, M.J.J., Mierowska, A., Hindorf, H. & Chen, K. (2000). Field Adaptation of Pepino (Solanum muricatum) and Melon (Cucumis melo) in the Rhineland, Germany. Acta Hortic., 531: 73-76. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2000.531.9.
Kowalczyk, K. & Kobryń, J. (2003). Effect of Plant Training Method and Hormone Treatment of Pepino (Solanum muricatum Ait.) on the fruit yield. Acta Hortic., 614: 279-283.
Koocheki, A. & Sarmadnia, G.H. (2003). Crop Physiology. Jahad-e-Daneshgahi Mashhad Press.
Maroto, J.V., López-Galarza, S., San Bautista, A., Fresquet, J.L. & Baixauli, C. (2001). Influence of two Pruning types on two clones of Pepino (Solanum muricatum Ait.) in hydroponic cultivation. Acta Hortic., 559: 119-122. https://doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2001.559.15.
Muhammad, A. & Singh, A. (2007). Intra-Row Spacing and Pruning Effects on Fresh Tomato Yield in Sudan Savanna of Nigeria. J. Plant Sci., 2: 153-161. https://doi.org/10.3923/jps.2007.153.161.
Nemati, H. & Tehranifar, A. (2007). Investigation of Sexual and asexual propagation of a new vegetable called Pepino in Iran (Solanum muricatum, Ation, Pepino). Agric. Sci. Technol., 21(2): 3-10.
National Research Council (1989). Lost Crops of the Incas: Little-Known Plants of the Andes with Promise for Worldwide Cultivation. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. https://doi.org/10.17226/1398.
Nerson, H. (2002). Relationship between Plant Density and Fruit and Seed Production in Muskmelon. J. Am. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 127(5): 855–859. https://doi.org/10.21273/JASHS.127.5.855.
Nkansah, G.O. (2000). Plastic mulch and 4-chloro-phenoxyacetic acid (CPA) interaction on growth and yield of eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum L.). Ghana J. Sci., 40: 75-80. https://doi.org/10.4314/gjs.v40i1.15877.
Pant, M.M. (1979). Dependence of Plant Yield on Density and Planting Pattern. Ann. Bot., 44(4): 513–516. https://doi.org/10.1093/oxfordjournals.aob.a085761.
Peyvast, G.A. & Chervil, M. (2004). Effects of pruning on some characteristic of cucumber. J. Agric. Sci., 1(4): 111-120.
Prohens, J., Ruiz, J.J. & Nuez, F. (2003). Vegetable Crop Diversification in areas affected by Salinity: The Case of Pepino (Solanum muricatum). Acta Hortic., 618: 267-273.
Hong, Q. (2000). Effect of pruning and spacing on yield and quality of cucumber. Asian Regional Center. AVRDC Training report. www.arc.avrdc.org.
Rangarajan, A. & Ingall, B. (2003). Charentain Pruning. Department of Horticulture, Cornell University. Ithaca, N.Y.
Rafi, U.M. (1996). Stem pruning and spacing effect on yield of tomato. ARC-AVRDC Training Report. Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand: ARC-AVRDC. pp. 168-173.
Refahi, H. (2001). Tehran university press, pp: 154.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2012 The author(s) retains the copyright of this article.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.