Sugar Mill Effluent Induced Histological Changes in Kidney of Channa punctatus
Keywords:Sugar mill effluent, Channa punctatus, Kidney, Histology
Sugar is everyday need of every human being. Sugar is produced from sugar mills situated in various parts of our country. Sugar mills produced a large amount of sugar with many types of byproducts which finally went into water sources (mainly rivers) as effluents. This effluent contains high amount of toxic elements with wide range of chemicals. This will definitely affect life of aquatic organisms like fishes in rivers. The present study is designed to carefully observe the histological changes produced by toxic substances present in Chatta sugar mill effluent in kidney of Channa punctatus.
Allen, P. (1994). Mercury accumulation profiles and their modification by interaction with cadmium and lead in the soft tissues of the cichlid Oreochromis aureus during chronic exposure. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 53(5): 684–692. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00196940.
Banerjee, S. & Bhattacharya, S. (1994). Histopathology of kidney of Channa punctatus exposed to chronic nonlethal level of Elsan, mercury, and ammonia. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 29(3): 265–275. https://doi.org/10.1016/0147-6513(94)90003-5.
Csepai, F. (1978). Histological detectable dystrophies in the carp's kidney exposed to chronic effect of some pesticides. Magyar Allatorvosok Lapja, 33: 55-58.
Gardner, G.R. & Yevich, P.P. (1969). Studies on the Blood Morphology of three Estuarine Cyprinodontiform fishes. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 26(2): 433-447. https://doi.org/10.1139/f69-042.
Gardner, G.R. & Yevich, P.P. (1970). Histological and Hematological Responses of an Estuarine Teleost to Cadmium. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 27(12): 2185-2196. https://doi.org/10.1139/f70-248 .
Gupta, S. & Dalela, R.C. (1987). Kidney damage in Notopterus notopterus (Pallas) following exposure to phenolic compounds. J. Environ. Biol., 8(2): 167-172.
Hall, T.J., Haley, R.K., Borton, D.L., Walsh, A.H. & Wolke, R.E. (1992). Histopathology of Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) after Long-Term Exposure to Biologically Treated Bleached Kraft Mill Effluent in Experimental Stream Channels. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 49(5): 939-944. https://doi.org/10.1139/f92-104.
Humason, G.L. (1979). Animal Tissue Techniques. 4th ed., W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, pp. 661.
Lindström-Seppä, P., Koivusaari, U. & Hänninen, O. (1981). Extrahepatic xenobiotic metabolism in North-European Freshwater fish. Comp. Biochem. Physiol. C: Comp. Pharmacol., 69(2): 259–263. https://doi.org/10.1016/0306-4492(81)90137-4.
Waite, D.T., Joshi, S.R., Sommerstad, H., Wobeser, G. & Gajadhar, A.A. (1990). A toxicological examination of whitefish (Coregonus clupeaformis) and northern pike (Esox lucius) exposed to uranium mine tailings. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 19(4): 578–582. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01059078.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2018 The author(s) retains the copyright of this article.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.