The Effects of Cultural Medium and Cultivars on Some Qualitative Characteristic of Cucumber Transplant (Cucumis sativus)
Cucumber produced by transplanting cause to seed saving, reduce the risk of cold, pest and disease control. In order to investigate the effects of cultural medium and cultivars on characteristic of cucumber transplants, an experiment was conducted based on a randomized complete design with 5 replications at the Applied Science in Agricultural Education Center Shahrood (Iran) during 2011. Treatments included 6 levels of cultural medium (a1= 50% peat + 25% coco peat + 25% sand, a2= 50% peat + 25% coco peat + 25% + 25% vermicompost, a3= 50% peat + 25% coco peat + 25% perlit, a4= 50% coco peat + 25% peat+25% sand, a5= 50% coco peat + 25% peat + 25% vermicompost, a6= 50% coco peat + 25% peat + 25% perlit) and 2 types of cultivars (Vilmorin and Royal, 24189). The results indicated that the effects of substrate were significant in all of treats (leaf area, stem diameter, height of transplant, root dry weight, shoot dry weight, root wet weight, and shoot wet weight). A2 and A5 have better performance than others in all of treats. There is not any significant effect between cultivars and an interaction between substrate and cultivar wasn’t significant.
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