The Effects of Cultural Medium and Cultivars on Some Qualitative Characteristic of Cucumber Transplant (Cucumis sativus)
Keywords:Cucumber, Media, Cultivar, Transplant
Cucumber produced by transplanting cause to seed saving, reduce the risk of cold, pest and disease control. In order to investigate the effects of cultural medium and cultivars on characteristic of cucumber transplants, an experiment was conducted based on a randomized complete design with 5 replications at the Applied Science in Agricultural Education Center Shahrood (Iran) during 2011. Treatments included 6 levels of cultural medium (a1= 50% peat + 25% coco peat + 25% sand, a2= 50% peat + 25% coco peat + 25% + 25% vermicompost, a3= 50% peat + 25% coco peat + 25% perlit, a4= 50% coco peat + 25% peat+25% sand, a5= 50% coco peat + 25% peat + 25% vermicompost, a6= 50% coco peat + 25% peat + 25% perlit) and 2 types of cultivars (Vilmorin and Royal, 24189). The results indicated that the effects of substrate were significant in all of treats (leaf area, stem diameter, height of transplant, root dry weight, shoot dry weight, root wet weight, and shoot wet weight). A2 and A5 have better performance than others in all of treats. There is not any significant effect between cultivars and an interaction between substrate and cultivar wasn’t significant.
. Bachman, G.R. and Metzger, J.D. (2008). Growth of bedding plants in commercial potting substrate amended with vermicompost. Bioresource Technology, 99: 3155-3161.
. Bunt, A.C. (1976). Modern potting composts: a manual on the preparation and use of growing media for pot plants. Pennsylvania State University Press, University Park, Pennsylvania. pp 277.
. Casenave, E., Arguello, J.A., Abdala, G. and Orioli, G.A. (1990). Content of auxin-inhibitor and gibberellin-like substances in humic acids. Biologia Plantarum, 32: 346-351.
. Edwards, C.A. (1998). The use of Earthworms in the breakdown and management of organic wastes. In: Edwards, C.A. (ed) Earthworm Ecology. St. Lucie Press, Boca rat on, 327-354.
. Edwards, C. and Arancon, N. (2004). Interaction among organic matter, earthworms and microorganisms in promoting plant growth. Soil organic matter in sustainable agricultural. 327-376.
. Herrera, F., Castillo, J.E., Chica, A.F., López Bellido, L. (2008). Use of municipal solid waste compost (MSWC) as a growing medium in the nursery production of tomato plants. Biores. Technol., 99: 287–296.
. Hidalgo, P., Sindoni, M., Matta, F. and Nagel, D.H. (2002). Earthworm casting increase germination rate and seedling development of cucumber. Research report/Mississippi Agricultural & Forestry Experiment Station; Vol. 22, No. 6.
. Inden, H. and A. Torres (2004). Comparison of four substrates on the growth and quality of tomatoes. Acta Hort., 644: 205-210.
. Janic, J. (1989). Horticulture Science. Freeman and company. San Francisco, U.S.A.
. Matiken, A. and Chandler, A. (1957). The U.S. type soil mixes. In: Beaker KF. The U.C. system for producing healthy container-grown plants. Pennsylvania State. University press. Pp: 68-85.
. Maloupa, E., Abou-Hadid, A., Prasad, M. and C. Kavafakis (2001). Response of cucumber and tomato plants to different substrates mixtures of pumice in substrate culture. Acta Hort., 559: 593-600.
. Muscolo, A., Bovalo, F., Gionfriddo, F. and Nardi, S. (1999). Earthworm humic matter produces auxin-like effects on Daucus carota cell growth and nitrate metabolism. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 31: 1303-1311.
. Peyvast, G. (2001). Planting (editing). Second edition, Agricultural science production.
. Pimpini F., Gianquinto G., (1991). Primi risultati sulle modalità di allevamento in vivaio di piantine di pomodoro da industria (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.): riflessi su accrescimento e produzione in campo. Atti 2° Convegno Na zionale "Il vivaismo orticolo", Foggia, 2-4 maggio, 287-302..
. Tsui, C. (1984). The role of zinc in auxin synthesis in the tomato plant. Amer. J. Bot., 35: 172-179.
. Tomati, U., Galli, E. (1995). Earthworms soil fertility and plant productivity. Acta Zoologica Fennica, 196: 11-14.
. Tüzel, I.H., Tüzel, Y., Gül, A., Meriç, M.K., Yavuz, O. and Eltez, R.Z. (2001). Comparison of open and closed systems on yield, water and nutrient consumption and their environmental impact. Acta Hort., 554: 221-228.
. Verdonck, O., De Vleeschauwer, D. and De Boodt, M. (1982). The influence of the substrates to plant growth. Acta. Hort., 126:251-258.
. Wien, H.C. (1997). The physiology of vegetable crops transplanting department of fruit and vegetables science. Cornell University. 14853-5908.
. Yau, P.Y. and Murphy, R.J. (2000). Biodegraded cocopeat as a Horticultural substrate. Acta Horticulture, 517: 275-278.