Effect of Seed Priming on Some Characteristic of Seedling and Seed Vigor of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)


  • Elaheh Mirabi Department of Horticulture, Applied Agricultural Science Education Center of Shahrood, Iran.
  • Mahmud Hasanabadi Department of Horticulture, Applied Agricultural Science Education Center of Shahrood, Iran.


Osmopriming, Tomato CV. ZD 610, Seedling, Seed Vigor


In order to investigate the effect of seed priming on some characteristic of seedling and seed vigor of tomato cultivar: ZD 610, an experiment was conducted base on randomized complete design with four replications at the applied agricultural science education center of Shahrood (Iran) greenhouse during 2010. Traits such as fresh weight of seedling, root length, shoot length, mean germination time (MGT) and final germination percentage (FGP). Treatment included Distilled water (dH2O), sodium chloride (NaCl-2%), salicylic acid (SA-60 ppm), acetylsalicylic acid (ASA-60 ppm), ascorbic acid (AsA-60 ppm), PEG-6000 and potassium nitrate (KNO3-5%), in darkness for 48 hours. The results indicated that the effect of priming treatments was significant. KNO3 in all of traits was better than other priming. The lowest fresh weight of seedling was observed in control and then H2O and NaCl. The minimum of root and shoot length was observed in NaCl treatment. The KNO3 treatment as a superior treatment introducing this experiment.


Download data is not yet available.


[1]. Afzal, I., Basra, S.M.A., Ahmad, N. and Farooq, M. (2005). Optimization of hormonal priming techniques for the alleviation of salinity stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Caderno de Pesquisa Ser. Bio., Santa Cruzdo Sul., 17: 95-109.
[2]. Amin, A.A., Rashad, M., EL-Sh, EL-Abagy, H.M.H. (2007). Physiological effect of indole-3-butyric acid and salicylic acid on growth, yield and chemical constituents of onion plants. J. Appl. Sci. Res., 3(11), 1554?1563.
[3]. Alvarado, A.D. and Bradford, K.J. (1988). Priming and storage of tomato Lycopersicon lycopersicum seeds i. effects of storage temperature on germination rate and viability. Seed Sci. Technol., 16:601-612.
[4]. Bradford, K.J., Steiner, J.J., Trawatha, S.E. (1990). Seed priming influence on germination and emergence of pepper seed lots. Crop Science, 30: 718-721.
[5]. Bray, C.M. (1995). Biochemical processes during the osmopriming of seeds. In: Kigel, J., Galili. G. (Ed.) Seed development and germination. New York: Marcel Dekker, p.767-789.
[6]. Basra, S.M.A., Farooq, M. and Tabassum, R. (2005). Physiological and biochemical aspects of seed vigor enhancement treatments in fine rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seed Sci. Technol., 33: 623-628.
[7]. Cano, E.A., Bolarin, M.C., Perez-Alfocea, F. and Caro, M. (1991). Effect of NaCl priming on increased salt tolerance in tomato. J. Hort. Sci., 66: 621-628.
[8]. Cutt, J.R. and Klessig, D.F. (1992). Salicylic acid in plants: A changing perspective. Pharmaceutical Tech., 16: 26-33.
[9]. Demir, I. and Van de Venter, H.A. (1999). The effect of priming treatments on the performance of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. and Nakai) seeds under temperature and osmotic stress. Seed Sci. and Technol., 27: 871–876.
[10]. Dolatabadian, A., Sanavy, S.A.M.M. and Chashmi, N.A. (2008). The effects of foliar application of ascorbic acid (Vitamin C) on antioxidant enzyme activities, lipid peroxidation and proline accumulation of canola (Brassica napus L.) under conditions of salt stress. J. Agron. Crop Sci., 194: 206-213.
[11]. Farooq, M., Basra, S.M.A., Hafeez, K. and Ahmad, N. (2005). Thermal hardening: a new seed vigor enhancement tool in rice. Acta. Bot. Sinica, 47: 187-193.
[12]. Hosseini, G. and Thengane, R.J. (2007). Salinity tolerance in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) genotypes. Int. J. Bot., 3: 48-55.
[13]. Khan, W., Prithiviraj, B. and Smith, D.L. (2003). Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant Physiol., 160: 485-492.
[14]. Harper, J.R. and Balke, N.E. (1981). Characterization of the inhibition of K+ absorption in oat roots by salicylic acid. Plant Physiol., 68: 1349-1353.
[15]. Liu, Y., Bino, R., Van der Burg, W., Groot, S. & Hilhorst, H. (1996). Effects of osmotic priming on dormancy and storability of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) seeds. Seed Science Research, 6(2), 49-55.
[16]. Nerson, H., Paris, H., Karchi, Z., Sachs, M. (1985). Seed treatments for improved germination of tetraploid watermelon. HortScience, 20. 897-899.
[17]. Oluoch, M.O. and Welbaum, G.E. (1996). Effect of postharvest washing and post-storage priming on viability and vigor of 6-year old muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) seeds from eight stages of development. Seed Sci. Technol., 24:195–209.
[18]. Rivas, M., Sundstrom, F.J., Edwards, R.L. (1984). Germination and crop development of hot pepper after seed priming. HortScience, 19:279-281.
[19]. Sakhabutdinova, A.R., and Fatkhutdinova, D.R. and Bezrukova, M.V. & Shakirova, F.M. (2003). Salicylic acid prevents the damaging action of stress factors on wheat plants. Bulg. J. Plant Physiol., special issue: 314- 319.
[20]. Shakirova, F.M., Bezrukova, M.V. (1997). Induction of wheat resistance against environmental salinization by salicylic acid. Biology Bulletin, 24: 109–112.
[21]. Senaratna, T., Touchell, D., Bunn, E., Dixon, K., (2000). Acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin) and salicylic acid induce multiple stress tolerance in bean and tomato plant. Plant Growth Regulation, 30: 157–161.




How to Cite

Mirabi, E., & Hasanabadi, M. (2012). Effect of Seed Priming on Some Characteristic of Seedling and Seed Vigor of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 3(3), 237–240. Retrieved from https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/132