Effect of Seed Priming on Some Characteristic of Seedling and Seed Vigor of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)

Authors

  • Elaheh Mirabi Department of Horticulture, Applied Agricultural Science Education Center of Shahrood, Iran.
  • Mahmud Hasanabadi Department of Horticulture, Applied Agricultural Science Education Center of Shahrood, Iran.

Keywords:

Osmopriming, Tomato CV. ZD 610, Seedling, Seed Vigor

Abstract

In order to investigate the effect of seed priming on some characteristic of seedling and seed vigor of tomato cultivar: ZD 610, an experiment was conducted base on randomized complete design with four replications at the applied agricultural science education center of Shahrood (Iran) greenhouse during 2010. Traits such as fresh weight of seedling, root length, shoot length, mean germination time (MGT) and final germination percentage (FGP). Treatment included Distilled water (dH2O), sodium chloride (NaCl-2%), salicylic acid (SA-60 ppm), acetylsalicylic acid (ASA-60 ppm), ascorbic acid (AsA-60 ppm), PEG-6000 and potassium nitrate (KNO3-5%), in darkness for 48 hours. The results indicated that the effect of priming treatments was significant. KNO3 in all of traits was better than other priming. The lowest fresh weight of seedling was observed in control and then H2O and NaCl. The minimum of root and shoot length was observed in NaCl treatment. The KNO3 treatment as a superior treatment introducing this experiment.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Afzal, I., Basra, S.M.A., Ahmad, N. & Farooq, M. (2005). Optimization of hormonal priming techniques foralleviation of salinity stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Caderno de Pesquisa SÈr. Bio., Santa Cruz do Sul, 17(1): 95-109.

Amin, A.A., Rashad, M. & El-Abagy, H.M.H. (2007). Physiological effect of indole-3-butyric acid and salicylic acid on growth, yield and chemical constituents of onion plants. J. Appl. Sci. Res., 3(11): 1554-1563.

Alvarado, A.D. & Bradford, K.J. (1988). Priming and storage of tomato (Lycopersicon lycopersicum) seeds. I. Effects of storage temperature on germination rate and viability. Seed Sci. Technol., 16: 601-612.

Bradford, K.J., Steiner, J.J. & Trawatha, S.E. (1990). Seed Priming Influence on Germination and Emergence of Pepper Seed Lots. Crop Sci., 30(3): 718–721. https://doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1990.0011183X003000030049x.

Bray, C.M. (1995). Biochemical processes during the osmopriming of seeds. In: Kigel, J. & Galili, G. (Eds), Seed development and germination. New York: Marcel Dekker. pp. 767-789.

Basra, S.M.A., Farooq, M., Tabassum, R. & Ahmad, N. (2005). Physiological and biochemical aspects of seed vigor enhancement treatments in fine rice (Oryza sativa L.). Seed Sci. Technol., 33: 623–628. https://doi.org/10.15258/sst.2005.33.3.09.

Cano, E.A., Bolarín, M.C., Pérez-Alfocea, F. & Caro, M. (1991). Effect of NaCl priming on increased salt tolerance in tomato. J. Hortic. Sci., 66(5): 621–628. https://doi.org/10.1080/00221589.1991.11516192.

Cutt, J.R. & Klessig, D.F. (1992). Salicylic acid in plants: A changing perspective. Pharm. Technol., 16: 26-34.

Demir, I. & Van De Venter, H A. (1999). The effect of priming treatments on the performance of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum. & Nakai) seeds under temperature and osmotic stress. Seed Sci. Technol., 27(3): 871–875.

Dolatabadian, A., Sanavy, S.A.M.M. & Chashmi, N.A. (2008). The Effects of Foliar Application of Ascorbic Acid (Vitamin C) on Antioxidant Enzymes Activities, Lipid Peroxidation and Proline Accumulation of Canola (Brassica napus L.) under Conditions of Salt Stress. J. Agron. Crop Sci., 194(3): 206–213. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.2008.00301.x.

Farooq, M., Basra, S.M.A., Ahmad, N. & Hafeez, K. (2005). Thermal Hardening: A New Seed Vigor Enhancement Tool in Rice. J. Integr. Plant Biol., 47(2), 187–193. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7909.2005.00031.x.

Hosseini, G. & Thengane, R.J. (2007). Salinity Tolerance in Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) Genotypes. Int. J. Botany, 3: 48-55. https://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijb.2007.48.55.

Khan, W., Prithiviraj, B. & Smith, D.L. (2003). Photosynthetic responses of corn and soybean to foliar application of salicylates. J. Plant Physiol., 160(5): 485–492. https://doi.org/10.1078/0176-1617-00865.

Harper, J.R. & Balke, N.E. (1981). Characterization of the Inhibition of K+ Absorption in Oat Roots by Salicylic Acid. Plant Physiol., 68(6): 1349–1353. https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.68.6.1349.

Liu, Y., Bino, R.J., van der Burg, W.J., Groot, S.P.C. & Hilhorst, H.W.M. (1996). Effects of osmotic priming on dormancy and storability of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) seeds. Seed Sci. Res., 6(2): 49–55. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0960258500003020.

Nerson, H., Paris, H.S., Karchi, Z. & Sachs, M. (1985). Seed treatments for improved germination of tetraploid watermelon. HortScience, 20: 897-899.

Oluoch, M.O. & Welbaum, G.E. (1996). Effect of postharvest washing and post-storage priming on viability and vigour of six-year-old muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) seeds from eight stages of development. Seed Sci. Technol., 24: 195-209.

Rivas, M., Sundstrom, F.J. & Edwards, R.L. (1984). Germination and crop development of hot pepper after seed priming. HortScience, 19: 279-281.

Sakhabutdinova, A.R., Fatkhutdinova, D.R., Bezrukova, M.V. & Shakirova, F.M. (2003). Salicylic acid prevents the damaging action of stress factors on wheat plants. Bulg. J. Plant Physiol., Special Issue, 314–319.

Shakirova, F.M. & Bezrukova, M.V. (1997). Induction of wheat resistance against environmental salinization by salicylic acid. Biol. Bull., 24: 109-112.

Senaratna, T., Touchell, D., Bunn, E. & Dixon, K. (2000). Acetyl salicylic acid (Aspirin) and salicylic acid induce multiple stress tolerance in bean and tomato plants. Plant Growth Regul., 30(2): 157–161. https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1006386800974.

Downloads

Published

01-07-2012

How to Cite

Mirabi, E., & Hasanabadi, M. (2012). Effect of Seed Priming on Some Characteristic of Seedling and Seed Vigor of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 3(3), 237–240. Retrieved from https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/132

Issue

Section

Articles