Effect of Several Organic Fertilizers along with Some Soil Compactness Levels on Nutrients Content of Sport Lawn in Fall Season
Keywords:Lawn, Culture Bed, Roller, Nitrogen
The lawn has an incredible role in designing and construction of landscape areas and lawn bed provides aeration, moisture and nutrients, which is essential for having an acceptance lawn, so the role of organic matter and degree of soil compactness need to be studied. In the current study, the effect of some bed mixtures including Leaf Mold (LM), Rice Husk (RH), manure, Spent Mushroom Compost (SMC), a mixture of LM, RH and SMC (mixture 1), a mixture of LM, RH and manure (mixture 2) with the ratio of 1:1:1 and control (no fertilizer), also the effect of some different soil compactness (roller weights of 36, 56 and 76 kilograms) on the content of some nutrients of sport lawn in fall season were investigated. Hence, an experiment was conducted at the strip plot design with three replications, in research farm of Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources during 2008-09. According to the results of this study, interaction of fertilizer and soil compactness was significant for most measured factors. The manure and control treatments showed the most and the least amount of nitrogen in all compactness treatments respectively. The manure and SMC treatments and also treatments containing these organic matters increased plant phosphorus content in comparing with RH, LM and control treatments. Also in three compactness, manure and SMC treatments showed more plant potassium in contrast to control.
Abdollahi, K. (2004). Effect of organic matters of the Sar Sari Abbandan marsh on soil physicochemical properties and the possibility of its application in pot cultures. M.Sc. Thesis. Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran.
Adavi, Z., Razmjo, K.H. & Mobli, M. (2005). The study of compatibility ten cultivars of Cynodon sp. in Isfahan climate condition. Journal of Sciences and Horticultural Technology, 6(1): 1-14.
Aliehyaii, M. & Behbahani, E.A. (1993). Methods of soil chemical analysis. Soil and Water Research Institute.
Bostani, H.R., Ronaghi, A. & Safar Zade Shirazi, S. (2009). Comparison of application of chemical fertilizer and sewage sludge in three soil textures on bio-availability of N, P and K in corn cultivation. In 11th Iranian soil sciences congress, 12-15 Jul., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran, Gorgan. pp. 192.
Emami, A. (1996). Methods of plant analysis. Agricultural Research, Education and Extension Organization, Soil and Water Research Institute. Technical Issue 982. pp. 202. [In Persian].
Fallahian, A. (2006). Technology, construction and lawn maintenance. Jahad-Daneshgahi Mashhad press. pp. 86.
Fateh, E., Chaii chi, M.R., Sharifi Ashour Abadi, E., Mazaheri, D. & Ashraf Jafari, A. (2009). The effect of chemical and organic fertilizers on some characteristics of soil and Cynara scolymus. In 11th Iranian soil sciences congress, 12-15 Jul., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran, Gorgan. pp. 277.
Forghani, A. & Kalbasi, M. (1994). Factors affecting on capable of phosphorus and residual phosphorus absorption in some major soils of Isfahan province. In 4th Iranian soil sciences congress, Isfahan University of Technology, Iran, Isfahan.
Haghnia. Gh. (1995) Water penetration problems in soil. Ferdosi University of Meshhad Publication No. 183.
Hatam, Z., Ronaghi, A., Karimian, N.A. & Yasrebi, J. (2009). The effect of urban wastes on growth and chemical composition of corn and bioavailability of some elements in two different textures. In 11th Iranian soil sciences congress, 12-15 Jul., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran, Gorgan. pp. 209.
Kabiri Nezhad, S.H., Abtahi, A. & Hodgi, M. (2009). The effect of increasing phosphorous in calcareous soil treated with municipal sewage sludge on growth and yield of corn. In 11th Iranian soil sciences congress, 12-15 Jul., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran, Gorgan. pp. 287.
Kafi, M. & Kaviani, S.H. (2002). Management of construction and lawn maintenance. Shaghayegh Rosta artistic and cultural institution press.
Kaminski, J.E., Dernoeden, P.H. & Bigelow, C.A. (2004). Soil amendments and fertilizer source effects on creeping bentgrass establishment, soil microbial activity, thatch, and disease. HortScience, 39(3): 620–626. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.39.3.620.
Keshavarz, P. & Delavari, M. (2009). Short-term effects of compost and cow manure consumption in two types of soil on yield and Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium uptake in corn plant. In 11th Iranian soil sciences congress, 12-15 Jul., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran, Gorgan. pp. 288.
Naghizadeasl, Z., Dordipoor, A., Gholi Zade, E. & Kiani, F. (2009). Evaluation of relationship between plant available phosphorus and some soil properties in south of Gorgan River soils. In 11th Iranian soil sciences congress, 12-15 Jul., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran, Gorgan. pp. 322.
Norbakhsh, F. (2004). Potential of organic fertilizer use in landscaping. Sabzineh. Fourth year. Fourth number.
Samar, S.M. & Malakoti, M.J. (1998). Effect of Sulphur, Iron sulfate and manure and their using way on soil extractable Iron. Journal of Soil and Water Sciences, 12(5): 55-56.
Soltani, A. (2007). Application of SAS in statistical analysis (for agricultural fields). Jahad-Daneshgahi Mashhad press.
Tajbakhsh, M., Hassanzadeh Ghurttape, H. & Darvishzadeh, B. (2005). Green manures in sustainable agriculture. Uromia University press. pp. 215.
Thompson, B. (1991). An Illustrated Guide to Organic Gardening. Menlo Park, CA: Sunset Publishing Corp. pp. 96.
Van Vuren, J.P.J. (2002). Soil fertility and sewage – an account of pioneer work in South Africa in the disposal of town wastes. Agrobios. pp. 236.
Wortmann, C.S. & Jasa, P.J. (2003). Management to minimize and reduce soil compaction. Cooperative Extension G89-896, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources, University of Nebraska-Lincoln. pp. 8.
Wright, A.L., Provin, T.L., Hons, F.M., Zuberer, D.A. & White, R.H. (2008). Compost impacts on dissolved organic carbon and available nitrogen and phosphorus in turfgrass soil. Waste Manage., 28(6): 1057–1063. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2007.04.003.
Zarrinkafsh, M. (1993). Applied Soil Science, Soil Survey and Soil-Plant-Water Analysis. Tehran University Publications, Tehran, Iran. pp. 361.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2012 The author(s) retains the copyright of this article.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.