Utilization of Water Hyacinth and Banana Wastes Compost in Reclamation of Sandy Soils for increasing Growth, Yield of Cowpea

Authors

  • Osama Abdel-Twab Seoudi Microbiology Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, Postal code-63514, Egypt.

Keywords:

Water hyacinth, Banana wastes, Compost, Trichoderma harzianum, Trichoderma viride, cowpea plants, Sandy soil reclamation

Abstract

Pot experiments were carried out in the greenhouse of the Faculty of Agriculture, Fayoum University, to study the effect of water hyacinth and banana wastes compost (0, 10, 15 and 20 ton/fed) combined with inorganic nitrogenous fertilizers namely ammonium sulphate, ammonium nitrate and urea (in the rate of 60 kg N/Fed and this rate was 50% of the recommended dose), on the growth, yield and nutrient content of cowpea plants. All pots received P and K as recommended. The addition of various rates of water hyacinth and banana wastes composts (H.B.C.) under study significantly increased all plant growth parameters under the study, i.e., plant height, plant fresh weight and dry weight of both shoots and roots, the number of root nodules as well as the nutrient content of the different plant organs compared with the control and the chemical fertilizer application of the recommended dose (100%). There was a marked increase in pod characters, yield and its components, i.e., number of pods per plant, length, diameter and weight of pods per plant. The highest values of growth characters of yield and its components and the contents of nutrient elements were noticed when applying compost at the higher rates (20 ton/fed.) followed by 15 and 10 ton/fed., in a descending order as compared with the control. The best combination of nitrogen forms and the compost is considered to be one of the primary factors for high yield production and quality as well as yield components of cowpea. The highest significant increase in growth characters, yield and yield components, as well as the total carbohydrates and crude protein content of the seeds, were obtained via the application of compost in combination with ammonium sulphate at the rate of 20 ton/fed.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abdel-Moez, M.R. & Saleh, A.L. (1999). Effect of organic fertilizers application on growth, yield and mineral uptake of Roselle-plants as compared to chemical fertilizer. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 24: 3157-3168.

Abdul Galil, A.A., Gomaa, M.A., Geweifel, H.G.M. & Atta, Y.E.M. (1997). Response of yield and some grain quality criteria in wheat to N and phosphorus fertilization. Zagazig J. Agric. Res., 24(4): 595-613.

Adesina G.O., Akanbi, W.B., Olabode, O.S. & Akintoye O. (2011). Effect of water hyacinth and neem based composts on growth, fruit yield and quality of cucumber (Cucumis sativus). Afr. J. Agric. Res., 6(31): 6477-6484. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.922.

Bhattacharya, A. & Kumar, P. (2010). Water hyacinth as a potential biofuel crop. EJEAFChe, 9(1): 112-122.

Arafat, S.M. (1994). Evaluation of sugarcane filter mud on improving soil characteristics and watermelon yield. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 9(9): 287-295.

Awad, F., Khalil, K.W. & Maksoud, M.A. (1993). Comparative effects of some organic manures and bentonite as soil amendments. Agrochimica, 37: 369–387.

Badran, M.S.S. (2003). Effect of various forms and application time of mineral nitrogen on wheat productivity in the newly reclaimed lands. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 28(12): 8001-8018.

Black, C.A. (1982). Methods of Soil Analysis- Part I and II. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsion, USA.

Nzanza, B., Marais, D. & Soundy, P. (2011). Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) seedling growth and development as influenced by Trichoderma harzianum and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Afr. J. Microbiol. Res. 5(4): 425-431. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJMR10.87.

Celik, I., Ortas, I. & Kilic, S. (2004). Effects of compost, mycorrhiza, manure and fertilizer on some physical properties of a Chromoxerert soil. Soil Tillage Res., 78(1): 59–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.still.2004.02.012.

Christensen, N.W. & Meints, V.W. (1982). Evaluating N Fertilizer Sources and Timing for Winter Wheat. Agron. J., 74(5): 840–844. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400050017x.

Cottenie, A., Verloo, M. & Kiekens, L. (1982). Chemical analysis of plants and soils. Laboratory of analytical and agrochemistry, State University, Gent.

El-Gizy, S.M. (1994). Comparative study for influence of manure sources on growth, yield and pod quality of pea. Minufiya J. Agric. Res., 19(6): 3243‒3257.

El-Hady, O.A., Hamad, S.A., Shiba, A.A. & Kotb, M.T.A. (1995). Effect of treating sandy soil with organic manure and hydrogels on water movement and preservation. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 8(3): 809-824.

Omar, M.R., El-Samawaty, A.M.A. & El-Wakil, D.A. (2007). Suppression of Pythium ultimum involved in cotton seedling damping-off by Trichoderma spp. Egypt. J. Phytopathol., 35: 111-124.

El-Sharawy, M.A.O., Abdel-Aziz, M.A. & Ali, L.K.M. (2003). Effect of the application of plant residues composts on some soil properties and yield of wheat and corn plants. Egypt. J. Soil Sci., 43(3): 421-434.

Ewais Magda, A., Abd El-Latif, A.M., Mahmoud, A.A. & Abd EI-Ghany, M.M. (2004). Effect of farmyard manure and Inorganic fertilizer on growth, yield and chemical contents of Pea plants (Pisum sativum L.) in sandy soils. Minufiya J. Agric. Res., 29(6): 1453-1464.

FAO (1975). Sandy Soils: Report of the FAO/UNDP Seminar on Reclamation and Management of Sandy Soils in the Near East and North Africa. FAO Soils Bulletin: 25. Chapter IV (Country reports, Arab Republic of Egypt). Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

Forde, B.G. & Clarkson, D.T. (1999). Nitrate and Ammonium Nutrition of Plants: Physiological and Molecular Perspectives. Adv. Bot. Res., 30: 1-90. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0065-2296(08)60226-8.

Zvomuya, F., Helgason, B.L., Larney, F.J., Janzen, H.H., Akinremi, O.O. & Olson, B.M. (2006). Predicting phosphorus availability from soil-applied composted and non-composted cattle feedlot manure. J. Environ. Qual., 35(3): 928–937. https://doi.org/10.2134/jeq2005.0409.

Ghabbour, E.A., Davies, G., Lam, Y.Y. & Vozzella, M.E. (2004). Metal binding by humic acids isolated from water hyacinth plants (Eichhornia crassipes [Mart.] Solm-Laubach: Pontedericeae) in the Nile Delta, Egypt. Environ. Pollut., 131(3): 445–451. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2004.02.013.

Gloser, V., Scheurwater, I. & Lambers, H. (1996). The interactive effect of irradiance and source of nitrogen on growth and root respiration of Calamagrostis epigejos. New Phytol., 134(3): 407–412. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8137.1996.tb04357.x.

Gupta, R., Mutiyar, P.K., Rawat, N.K., Saini, M.S. & Garg, V.K. (2007). Development of a water hyacinth based vermireactor using an epigeic earthworm Eisenia foetida. Bioresour. Technol., 98(13): 2605–2610. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2006.09.007.

Gunnarsson, C.C. & Petersen, C.M. (2007). Water hyacinths as a resource in agriculture and energy production: A literature review. Waste Manage., 27(1): 117–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2005.12.011.

Handelsman, J. & Stabb, E.V. (1996). Biocontrol of Soilborne Plant Pathogens. Plant Cell, 8(10): 1855–1869. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.8.10.1855.

Hassan, A.A. & Gaballah, A.B. (2000). Response of some wheat cultivars to different levels and sources of nitrogen fertilizers under new reclaimed sandy soil. Zagazig J. Agric. Res., 27(1): 13-29.

Hassanein, M.S., Ahmed, M.A. & El-Hariri, D.M. (1997). Response of some wheat cultivars to different nitrogen sources. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 22: 349-360.

Ibrahim, S.A., Zayed, E.A. & El-Zawily, A.I. (1986). Pea plant and soil characteristics as influenced by the addition of Perlhumus in combination with chemical fertilizers in sandy soils. Egypt. J. Soil Sci., 26(2): 81-92.

Jones, J.B. Jr, Wolf, B. & Mills, H.A. (1991). Plant Analysis Handbook: A Practical Sampling, Preparation, Analysis, and Interpretation Guide. Athens, GA: Micro-Macro Publishing.

Kandasamy, O.S., Bayan, H.C., Santhy, P. & Selvi, D. (2000). Long-term effects of fertilizer application and three crop rotations on changes in the weed species in the 68th cropping (after 26 years). Acta Agron. Hung., 48(2): 149–154.

Karmegam, N. & Daniel, T. (2000). Effect of biodigested slurry and vermicompost on the growth and yield of cowpea, Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. variety Cl. Environment and Ecology, 18(2): 367-370.

Khaled, S.M. (1993). Effect of some amendments on soil properties and plant growth. M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Agricultural, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.

Lata, N. & Veenapani, D. (2011). Response of water hyacinth manure on growth attributes and yield in Brassica juncea. J. Cent. Eur. Agric., 12(2): 336–343. https://doi.org/10.5513/JCEA01/12.2.921.

Lutcher, L.K. & Mahler, R.L. (1988). Sources and Timing of Spring Topdress Nitrogen on Winter Wheal in Idaho. Agron. J., 80(4): 648–654. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj1988.00021962008000040020x.

Mahapatra, P., Panda, M.M., Chalam, A.B., Chakravorti, S.P. & Mohanty, S.K. (1997). Effect of greenmanuring and N fertilization on the yield and nitrogen use efficiency of wetland rice. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 45(1): 95-99.

Marschner, H. (1995). Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants. 2nd Edition, Academic Press, London. 889 p.

DuBois, M., Gilles, K.A., Hamilton, J.K., Rebers, P.A. & Smith, F. (1956). Colorimetric Method for Determination of Sugars and Related Substances. Anal. Chem., 28(3): 350–356. https://doi.org/10.1021/ac60111a017.

Omar Hattab, K., Natarajan, K. & Gopalaswamy, A. (1998). Influence of Different Organic Manures on Yield and N Use Efficiency of Rice. J. Indian Soc. Soil Sci., 46(2): 239-242.

Ouda, A.M.M. (2000). Biological studies on tomato yield and its components. Ph.D. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Mansoura University, Egypt.

Rabie, M.H., El-Saadani, A.M., Abdel-Sabour, M.F. & Mousa, I.A. (1995). The use of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as an organic manure to amend soils. Egypt. J. Soil Sci., 35: 105-116.

Radwan, S.M.A. & Awad, N.M. (2002). Effect of Soil Amendment with Various Organic Wastes with Multi-Biofertilizer on Yield of Peanut Plants in Sandy Soil. J. Agric. Sci. Mansoura Univ., 27(5): 3129-3138.

Requena, N., Azcón, R. & Baca, M.T. (1996). Chemical changes in humic substances from compost due to incubation with ligno-cellulolytic microorganisms and effects on lettuce growth. Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol., 45(6): 857–863. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002530050774.

Ribeiro, L.G., Lopes, J.C., Martins Filho, S. & Ramalho, S.S. (2000). Adubação orgânica na produção de pimentão (Organic fertilization in the sweet pepper production). Hortic. Bras., 18(2): 134–137. https://doi.org/10.1590/S0102-05362000000200012.

Sakr, A.A., Rizk, S.A. & EI-Sebaay, A.S. (1992). Effect of organic manures on plant growth and NPK uptake by wheat and maize plants. Egypt. J. Soil Sci., 32(2): 249-263.

Salama, H.E.E. (2002). Physiological studies on nutrition of pepper plant. B.Sc., Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University.

Sangakkara. U.R. & Marambe, D.H. (1999). Effective microorganisms: a modern technology for organic systems. Organic agriculture-the credible solution for the 21st Century. Proceedings of the 12th International IFOAM Scientific Conference, Mar del Plata, Argentina, November 15-19, 205-211.

Sanni, K.O. & Adesina, J.M. (2012). Response of water hyacinth manure on growth attributes and yield of Celosia argentea L (Lagos spinach). J. Agric. Technol., 8(3): 1109-1118.

Sannigrahi, A.K., Chakrabortty, S. & Borah, B.C. (2002). Large scale utilization of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) as raw material for Vermi composting and surface mulching in vegetable cultivation. Ecol. Environ. Conserv., 8(3): 269-271.

Shiva Kumar, B.G., Mishra, B.N., Sarafand, C.S. & Ballo, U.S.S. (2000). Proceedings of the International Conference on Managing Natural Resources for Sustainable Agricultural Production in the 21st Century. February 14–18, New Delhi, India. 3: 884.

Siam, H.S. (2008). Increasing the efficiency of utilization of nitrogenous fertilizers through addition of banana compost on growth, yield and nutrient content of cowpea plants. Egypt. J. Appl. Sci., 23(7): 54-66.

Singh, Y.P., Bhan, S. & Narwal, R.P. (1992). Efficiency of different N sources in wheat grown under normal and saline soils conditions. Crop Research Hisar, 5: 160-163.

Snedecor, G.W. & Cochran, W.G. (1980). Satistical Methods. 7th ed., Iowa State University Press, Ames, Iowa, USA, 235-330.

Sterrett, S.B. & Savange, G.P. (1989). Culinary herbs as alternative crops. The vegetable Growers News, 42(1): 3-4.

Tejada, M. & Gonzalez, J.L. (2003). Effects of the application of a compost originating from crushed cotton gin residues on wheat yield under dryland conditions. Eur. J. Agron., 19(2): 357–368. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1161-0301(02)00089-8.

Tester, C.F. (1990). Organic Amendment Effects on Physical and Chemical Properties of a Sandy Soil. Soil Sci. Soc. Am. J., 54(3): 827–831. https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1990.03615995005400030035x.

Vanlauwe, B., Aihou, K., Aman, S., Iwuafor, E.N.O., Tossah, B.K., Diels, J., Sanginga, N., Lyasse, O., Merckx, R. & Deckers, J. (2001). Maize Yield as Affected by Organic Inputs and Urea in the West African Moist Savanna. Agron. J., 93(6): 1191–1199. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2001.1191.

Wanas, S.A. & Omran, W.M. (2006). Advantages of Applying Various Compost Types to Different Layers of Sandy Soil: 1- Hydro-physical Properties. J. Appl. Sci. Res., 2(12): 1298-1303.

Wilson, J.R., Holst, N. & Rees, M. (2005). Determinants and patterns of population growth in water hyacinth. Aquat. Bot., 81(1): 51–67. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquabot.2004.11.002.

Woomer, P.L., Muzira, R., Bwamiki, D., Mutetikka, D., Amoding, A. & Bekunda, M.A. (2000). Biological Management of Water Hyacinth Waste in Uganda. Biol. Agric. Hortic., 17(3): 181–196. https://doi.org/10.1080/01448765.2000.9754841.

You, H.S. & DuanWei, Z. (1999). Effects of a new type of mixed organic manure on the yield, quality and enzyme activity of chilli and tomato. Journal of Huazhong Agricultural University, 18(2): 139-142.

Downloads

Published

01-01-2013

How to Cite

Seoudi, O. A.-T. (2013). Utilization of Water Hyacinth and Banana Wastes Compost in Reclamation of Sandy Soils for increasing Growth, Yield of Cowpea. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 4(1), 36–45. Retrieved from https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/158

Issue

Section

Articles