Prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia in Water Samples from Jeddah and Makkah Cities

Authors

  • Haytham Ahmed Zakai Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdul-Aziz University, P.O. Box 80324, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Hanadi Ibrahim Barnawi Faculty of Applied Medical Sciences, King Abdul-Aziz University, P.O. Box 80324, Jeddah 21589, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Keywords:

Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Water contamination, Jeddah, Makkah

Abstract

Water contamination by Giardia lamblia and Cryptosporidium is one of the causes of diarrhoea throughout the world.  A total of 161 and 84 samples were collected from Jeddah and Makkah cities, respectively.  Each sample was concentrated by double centrifugation and the sediment was examined as a wet smear and after staining with Trichrome and Kinyoun stains.  The results showed that 56 (35%) and 1 (0.62 %) samples of Jeddah were positive for the oocyst of Cryptosporidium and cyst of Giardia, whereas only 21 (25%) and 2 (2.4 %) samples of Makkah showed positivity for oocysts and cyst of these parasites. Overall Cryptosporidium contamination in bottled water and water from filling stations was 6.8% and 17.4%, respectively. Maximum contamination for Cryptosporidium was recorded in tap water which was 51% and 25% in Jeddah and Makkah, respectively.

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Published

01-01-2014

How to Cite

Zakai, H. A., & Barnawi, H. I. (2014). Prevalence of Cryptosporidium and Giardia lamblia in Water Samples from Jeddah and Makkah Cities. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 5(1), 12–17. Retrieved from https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/179

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