Human Population Concept in Present Scenario
Keywords:Environment, Socio-economic conditions, Human health, Poverty, Literacy
Human population is a group of people living in a particular area at a given time. All the human beings of the world are connected biologically by the act of marriage and interbreeding. The annual population growth rate is 2.9% in Africa, which is the fastest growing region in the world. In North America it is 1.1%, in USSR is 0.5%, in Europe is 0.3%. It is believed that by 2030 China will be a population giant having 1.5 billion people and India will have 1.4 billion people.
Human population is the most powerful factor in bringing about much change in the environment because of cultural evolution. Some of his activities disturb the environment. He himself tries to conserve the environment. Human population seems to be the most powerful agent in regulating the environment. The overpopulation in cities creates an ecological imbalance which leads to severe environmental crisis and shortfall of resources and environmental disturbances. This is not likely for maintaining a sustainable environment.
. Khoshoo, T.N. (1986). Environmental Priorities in India and Sustainable Development. Indian Science Congress Association, New Delhi. pp 1-224.
. Kendeigh, S.C. (1974). Ecology with special Reference to Animal and Man. Prentice-Hall New Jersey, 474 pp.
. Khoshoo, T.N. (1984). Environmental Concerns and Strategies. Indian Environment Society, New Delhi. pp 296.
. Odum, E.P. (1971). Fundamentals of Ecology. Third edition. Philadelphia, W.B. Saunders Co.