Morphological Survey of the Fruits of the Cultivated (Solanum lycopersicum Linn.) and Wild (Solanum pimpinellifolium Miller) Tomatoes in Ile-Ife, Nigeria

Authors

  • T. C. Omotayo Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun-State, postal Code-A234, Nigeria.
  • O. Adedeji Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun-State, postal Code-A234, Nigeria.

Keywords:

Fruits, cultivated, wild, shape, ribs

Abstract

The last few years have recorded an increase in the forms of the cultivated tomato fruits available in Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria. The morphological survey of the fruits of the cultivated garden tomato Solanum lycopersicum Linn. and its wild relative, Solanum pimpinellifolium Miller was carried out with the aim of documenting the various forms available on the basis of their different shapes and sizes. The qualitative morphological characters observed were, fruit colour and shape while the quantitative data taken were, the number of ribs present on the fruits, length and diameter of fruits. In this study, thirty-one (31) fruit forms were reported for the cultivated species based on the differences in shapes, presence or absence of ribs on fruits, number of ribs and colour of fruits. The shapes observed in Solanum lycopersicum were ellipsoid, spheroid, obovate, oblate, rhomboidal, elongate and clavate while the shape for Solanum pimpinellifolium was consistently round. The colours observed for Solanum lycopersicum were red, red with yellow patches, and yellowish-red while colour in S. pimpinellifolium was consistently red. Number of ribs on the fruits of the cultivated species ranged from 0–12 while rib was absent in the wild species. Noteworthy, were the fruit forms with beak-like protrusions at the apices of the cultivated species. The length-to-diameter ratio of fruits of the cultivated species was a reliable parameter for differentiating the elongated fruit forms from the other forms in the cultivated species.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Allen, A. (2008). A Passion for Tomatoes. Smithsonian. Retrieved from http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/passion-for-tomatoes.html on 09-08-2010.

D’Arcy, W.G. (1979). The classification of the Solanaceae. In: Hawkes, J.G., Lester, R.N. & Skelding, A.D. (eds.), The biology and taxonomy of the Solanaceae. Academic Press, London. pp. 3-47.

D’Arcy, W.G. (1991). The Solanaceae since 1976, with a review of its biogeography. In: Hawkes, J.G., Lester, R.N., Nee, M. & Estrada, N. (eds.), Solanaceae III: Taxonomy, Chemistry, Evolution. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, U.K. pp. 75-137.

Doganlar, S., Frary, A., Daunay, M.C., Lester, R.N. & Tanksley, S.D. (2002). Conservation of gene function in the solanaceae as revealed by comparative mapping of domestication traits in eggplant. Genetics, 161(4): 1713–1726.

Gould, W.A. (1983). Tomato production, processing, and quality evaluation. 2nd ed., AVI Publishing Company, Westport, CT. pp. 50.

Grandillo, S., Ku, H.M. & Tanksley, S.D. (1999). Identifying the loci responsible for natural variation in fruit size and shape in tomato. Theor. Appl. Genet., 99(6): 978–987. https://doi.org/10.1007/s001220051405.

Hancock, J.F. (1992). Plant Evolution and the Origin of Crop Species. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. pp. 276.

Lippman, Z. & Tanksley, S.D. (2001). Dissecting the genetic pathway to extreme fruit size in tomato using a cross between the small-fruited wild species Lycopersicon pimpinellifolium and L. esculentum var. Giant Heirloom. Genetics, 158(1): 413–422.

Nyananyo, B.L. (2007). The nomenclatural status of the garden tomato. Niger. J. Bot., 20(2): 407-409.

Okeke, S.E. (2004). The taxonomic position of members of the so-called Dioscorea cayenensis–rotundata complex (Dioscoreaceae). Niger. J. Bot., 17: 95-103.

IPGRI (1995). Descriptors for Avocado (Persea spp.). International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Rome, Italy. pp. 50.

Rashidi, M. & Seyfi, K. (2007). Classification of fruit shape in Cantaloupe using the analysis of geometrical attributes. World J. Agric. Res., 3(6): 735-740.

Simpson, B.B. & Conner-Ogorzaly, M. (1986). Economic botany: Plants in our world. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Spooner, D.M., Anderson, G.J. & Jansen, R.K. (1993). Chloroplast DNA evidence for the interrelationships of tomatoes, potatoes, and pepinos (Solanaceae). Am. J. Bot., 80(6): 676–688. https://doi.org/10.1002/j.1537-2197.1993.tb15238.x.

Tanksley, S.D. (2004). The Genetic, Developmental, and Molecular Bases of Fruit Size and Shape Variation in Tomato. Plant Cell, 16: S181–S189. https://doi.org/10.1105/tpc.018119.

van der Knaap, E. & Tanksley, S.D. (2003). The making of a bell pepper-shaped tomato fruit: Identification of loci controlling fruit morphology in Yellow Stuffer tomato. Theor. Appl. Genet., 107(1): 139–147. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00122-003-1224-1.

Downloads

Published

01-01-2015

How to Cite

Omotayo, T. C., & Adedeji, O. (2015). Morphological Survey of the Fruits of the Cultivated (Solanum lycopersicum Linn.) and Wild (Solanum pimpinellifolium Miller) Tomatoes in Ile-Ife, Nigeria. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 6(1), 33–39. Retrieved from https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/219

Issue

Section

Articles