Effect of Heavy Metal Pollution on Survival and Protein Changes in Liver and Intestine of Fresh Water Fish Tilapia mossambica
Keywords:Pollution, Heavy Metal, Tilapia mossambica, Toxicity
The heavy metal salts constitute a very serious type of pollution because they are stable compounds and are not readily removed by oxidation, participations or other means and affect the activity of animals. The toxicity of Hg, Cd, Zn and their compound to fish has received the attention of a number of workers in recent years. In the present study, it is observed that contents of protein decreased gradually with an increase in concentrations of metals and damage of respiratory surface.
. Al-Bairuty Genan, A., Shaw, Benjamin, J., Handy, Richard, D. (2013). Histopathological effects of waterborne copper nanoparticles and copper sulphate on the organs of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). Aquatic Toxicology, 126: 104-115.
. Allen, P. (1995). Soft-tissue accumulation of lead in the blue tilapia, Oreochromis aureus (Steindachner), and the modifying effects of cadmium and mercury. Biol. Trace Elem. Res., 50(3):193-208.
. Ciji, P.P. and Bijoy Nandan (2014). Toxicity of Copper and Zinc to Puntius parrah (Day, 1865). Marine Environmental Research, 93:38-46.
. Diwan, A.D., Hingorani, H.G. and Chandrashekhram Naidu, N. (1979). Levels of blood glucose and tissue glycogen in two live fish exposed to industrial effluent. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxiol., 21: 269-272.
. Dokholyan, V.K. & Akhmedova, T.P. (1978). Effect of mercury dichloride on some biochemical indexes of the brain, blood and liver of Rutilus rutilis Capicus. Vopr. Ikhtiol., 18:177-180.
. Eisher, R. (1973). Annotated bibliography on biological effects of metals in aquatic environment. EPA, Ecol. Res. Ser. EPA 3-73-007, Washington D.C.
. Hameed, S.V.S.A. and Muthukumaravel, K. (2006). Impact of cadmium on the biochemical constituents of freshwater fish Oreochromis mossambicus. Indian J. Environ. Sci., 10 (1): 63-65.
. Hodson, P.V. (1976). Temperature Effects on Lactate–Glycogen Metabolism in Zinc-Intoxicated Rainbow Trout (Salmo gairdneri). Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada, 33: 1393-1397.
. Litchfield, J.T. Jr. and Wilcoxon, F. (1949). A simplified method of evaluating doses-effect experiments. J. of Pharmacol. Exp. Ther., 96:99-113.
. Lowry, O.H., Rosebrough, N.J., Farr, A.L. and Randall, R.J. (1951). Protein measurement with the Folin phenol reagent. J. Biol. Chem., 193:265-275.
. Meenakshi, V. and Pugazhendhy, K. (1998). Toxicity of mercuric chloride to the fingerlings of freshwater fish Cyprinus carpio (Linn.). Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology, 18(3):145-148.
. Nagbhushnam, R. and Kulkarni, G.K. (1981). Freshwater palaemonid prawn “Macro bacterium Kistnensis” effect of heavy metal pollutants. Proc. India. Nat. Acad. Sci. B., 47, No. 3P 389-396.
. Oser, B.L. (1976). Hawk’s Physiological Chemistry 14th Ed. Tata McGraw-Hill Publ., New Delhi.
. Palanivelu, P., Vijayavel, K., Ezhilarasi Balasubramanian, S., Balasubramanian, M.P. (2004). Combined effect of cartap hydrochloride and urea on biochemical constituents of freshwater fish Oreochromicus mossambicus. J. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Monitoring, 14 (1):23-29.
. Paul, N., Chakraborty, S. and Sengupta, M. (2014). Lead toxicity on non-specific immune mechanisms of freshwater fish Channa punctatus. Aquatic Toxicology, 152: 105-112.
. Qayyum, M.A. and Shaffi, S.A. (1977). Changes in tissue glycogen on a freshwater catfish Heteropneustes fossilis due to mercury intoxication. Curr. Sci., 46, 652-653.
. Rajesh Kumar, S. and Munuswamy, N. (2011). Impact of metals on histopathology and expression of HSP70 in different tissues of Milkfish (Chanos chanos) of Kaattuppalli Island, South East Coast, India. Chemosphere, 83: 415-421.
. Sastry, K.V., Gupta, P.K., Malik, P.V. (1979). A comparative study of the effect of acute and chronic mercuric chloride treatment on the activities of a few digestive enzymes of a teleost fish Channa punctatus. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 22: 28-34.
. Sastry, K.V. and Rao, D.R. (1981). Enzymological and Biochemical changes produced by mercuric chloride in teleost fish, Channa punctatus. Toxicol. Lett., 9: 321-326.
. Sastry, K.V. and Gupta, P.K. (1978). Effect of mercuric chloride on the digestive system of a teleost fish, Channa punctatus. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 20(3):353-60.
. Veena, K.B., Radhakrishnan, C.K. and Chacko, J. (1997). Heavy metal induced biochemical effects in an estuarine teleost. Indian Journal of Marine Sciences, 26: 74-78.
How to Cite
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.