Analysis of oilseed of Halophytic species: Atriplex griffithii, Haloxylon ammodendron, Salicornia europaea, Salsola yazdiana

  • Parto Roshandel Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, 88186-34141, Po Box 115, Iran.
  • Fatima Shamsi Biology Department, Faculty of Sciences, Shahrekord University, Shahrekord, 88186-34141, Po Box 115, Iran.
Keywords: Atriplex griffithii, Haloxylon ammodendron, Salicornia europaea, Salsola yazdiana, Halophytes, Oilseed


Seeds of Atriplex griffithii, Haloxylon ammodendron, Salicornia europaea and Salsola yazdiana were analyzed to determine their potential as sources of edible oil. The quantity of total oil varied from 13.8% in Atriplex griffithii to 20.9% in H. ammodendron. The proportion of unsaturated fatty acids were higher (62-73.8%), with the highest values of α-linoleic acid (18.6%), linoleic acid (28.6%) and oleic acid (19.7%) in the seeds of A. griffithii, H. ammodendron and S. europaea, respectively. Results of physicochemical evaluation of the extracted oils ranged as follows: iodine values, 99.8-106.5 (g I2/100 g); saponification value, 188-283 (mg KOH/1g of oil); peroxide value, 9-13 (meq/kg) and refractive index, 1.4750- 1.4761. Amongst these oilseeds, S. europaea (containing 73.8% unsaturated fatty acids but not erucic acid) was the highest in quality for human consumption followed by H. ammodendron.


Download data is not yet available.


[1]. Anonymous (1995). The Cyclopedia of Chinese Medicine-Basic Medicine. Science and Technology Publishing Company, Shanghai, China, pp. 393–395.
[2]. Anwar, F., Bhanger, M.I., Nasir, M.K., Ismail, S. (2002). Analytical Characteristics of Salicornia bigelovii Seed oil Cultivated in Pakistan. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 50: 4210-4214.
[3]. Ariffin, A.A., Bakar, J., Tan, C.P., Rahman, R.A., Karim, R. and Loi, C.C. (2009). Essential fatty acids of pitaya (dragon fruit) seed oil. Food Chemistry, 114: 561-564.
[4]. Cui, S., Zuo, Y. and Wei, Y. (2010). Fat content and fatty acid composition of Suaeda corniculata seeds produced from DaQing Salina. Journal of the Chinese Cereals, Oils Association, 25: 74-77.
[5]. Eganathan, P., Subramanian, H.M., Latha, R. and Srinivasa Rao, C. (2006). Oil analysis in seeds of Salicornia brachiata. Industrial Crops and Products, 23 (2): 177-179.
[6]. Council of Europe (2004). European Pharmacopoeia, 5.0: Vol-2, 5th edition. Publisher: Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France.
[7]. Fayyaz-ul-Hassan, Kaleem, S. and Ahmad, M. (2011). Oil and fatty acid distribution in different circles of sunflower head. Food Chemistry, 128: 590-595.
[8]. Flowers, T.J. and Colmer, T.D. (2008). Salinity tolerance in halophytes. New Phytologist, 179: 945-963.
[9]. Gandour, M., Tamaalli, W., Trabelsi, N., Hessini, K., Sebei, K., Debez, A. and Abdelly, C. (2011). How to optimize the seed and seed oil production in the cash crop halophyte Cakile maritima? Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 5(25): 5982-5987.
[10]. Glenn, E.P., O’Leary, J.W., Watson, M.C., Thompson, T.L. and Kuehl, R.O. (1991). Salicornia bigelovii Torr.: an oilseed halophyte for seawater irrigation. Science, 251: 1065-1067.
[11]. Ozkan, G., Simsek, B. and Kuleasan, H. (2007) Antioxidant activities of Satureja cilicica essential oil in butter and in vitro. Journal of Food Engineering, 79: 1391-1396.
[12]. He, Z., Ruan, C., Qin, P., Seliskar, D.M. and Gallagher, J.L. (2003). Kosteletzkya virginica, a halophytic species with potential for agroecotechnology in Jiangsu Province, China. Ecological Engineering, 21: 271–276.
[13]. Hendricks, R.C. and Bushnell, D.M. (2008). Halophytes Energy Feedstocks: Back to Our Roots. The 12th International Symposium on Transport Phenomena and Dynamics of Rotating Machinery. Honolulu, Hawaii. February, 17–22.
[14]. Ibeto, C.N., Benedict Okoye, C.O. and Ofoefule, A.U. (2012). Comparative Study of the Physicochemical Characterization of Some Oils as Potential Feedstock for Biodiesel Production. ISRN Renewable Energy, 5 pages. doi: 10.5402/2012/621518.
[15]. Knothe, G. (2002). Structure indices in FA chemistry. How relevant is the iodine value? Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society, 79 (9): 847–854.
[16]. Hongshan, L.I., Yanxia, F.A.N. (2010). Extraction and characteristics analysis of Suaeda salsa seed oil. China Oils and Fats, 30: 1522-1527.
[17]. Mandal, S., Yadav, S., Singh, R., Begum, G., Suneja, P., Singh, M. (2002). Correlation studies on oil content and fatty acid profile of some Cruciferous species. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 49:551-556.
[18]. Mu, S., Cheng, Z., Bao, Q., Yin, L., Pan, H. (2006). Analysis on the composition of fatty acids from seed oil of Suaeda physophora Pall. Using GC/MS. Arid Zone Research, 23: 475-477 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[19]. O'Leary, J.W., Glenn, E.P., Watson, M.C. (1985). Agricultural production of halophytes irrigated with seawater. Plant and Soil, 89: 311-321.
[20]. Rozema, J. and Flowers, T.J. (2008). Crops for a salinized world. Science, 322: 1478-1480.
[21]. Saeedi, G. and Sedqi, V. (2008). Influence of macronutrients and microelements on the yield of oilseed crops conference. University of Isfahan, Iran.
[22]. Shahi, M., Esfahan, E.Z., Saaghari, M. and Jaimand, K. (2014). Quantitative and qualitative investigation on Salicornia herbacea oilseed as a source of edible oil. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 4(3): 620-624.
[23]. Shahidi, F. (2005). Quality Assurance of Fats and Oils. In: Bailey’s Industrial Oil and Fat Products (6th ed.), Edited by F. Shahidi, John Wiley & Sons.
[24]. Siadat, H., Bybordi, M., Malakouti, M.J. (1997). Salt-affected soils of Iran: A country report. International Symposium on “Sustainable Management of Salt Affected Soils in the Arid Ecosystem”. Cairo, Egypt.
[25]. Sodeke, V.A. (2005). Extraction of Oil from Water Melon Seed and Analysis. Quarterly Research Service, 25-30.
[26]. Wang, L., Zhao, Z.Y., Zhang, K., Tian, C.Y. (2012). Oil content and fatty acid composition of dimorphic seeds of desert halophyte Suaeda aralocaspica. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7(12): 1910-1914.
[27]. Weber, D.J, Ansari, R., Gul, B., Khan, M.A. (2007). Potential of halophytes as source of edible oil. Journal of Arid Environments, 68: 315-321.
[28]. Weber, D.J., Gul, B., Khan, M.A., Williams, T., Wayman, P., Warner, S. (2001). Comparison of vegetable oil from seeds of native halophytic shrubs. In: McArthur, E.D., Fairbanks, D.J. (Eds.). Proceeding of Shrubland Ecosystem Genetics and Biodiversity. RMRS-P-21. USDA Forest Service. Ogden. UT. Rocky Mountain Research Station, USA, pp. 287-290.
[29]. Weiss, E.A. (1983). Oilseed crops. London: Longman Group Limited.
[30]. Yajun, B., Xiaojing, L., Weiqiang, L. (2003). Primary analysis of four salt tolerant plants growing in Hai-He plain, China. In: Leith, H., Mochtchenko, M. (Eds.), Cash Crop Halophytes: Recent Studies. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, Great Britain, pp. 135–138.
[31]. Yu, H., Zhang, T., Wei, C., Li, Z. (2005). Fat contents and fatty acid composition in the seeds of three species of Suaeda. Acta Botanica Boreali-Occidentalia Sinica, 25: 2077-2082 (in Chinese with English abstract).
[32]. Zarrouk, M., El Almi, H., Ben Youssef, N., Sleimi, N., Smaoui, A., Ben Miled, D., Abdelly, C. (2003). Lipid composition of seeds of local halophytes: Cakile maritima, Zygophyllum album and Crithmum maritimum. In: Leith, H., Mochtchenko, M. (Eds.), Cash Crop Halophytes: Recent Studies. Kluwer Academic Publishers, London, Great Britain, pp. 121–124.
How to Cite
Roshandel, P., & Shamsi, F. (2015). Analysis of oilseed of Halophytic species: Atriplex griffithii, Haloxylon ammodendron, Salicornia europaea, Salsola yazdiana. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 6(3), 83-88. Retrieved from
Abstract viewed = 39 times, PDF downloaded = 22 times