Sugar Mill Effluent Induced Histological Changes in Kidney of Channa punctatus

  • Suman Prakash Department of Zoology, Agra College, Agra-282001, U.P., India.
  • Ajay Capoor Department of Zoology, Agra College, Agra-282001, U.P., India.
Keywords: Sugar mill effluent, Channa punctatus, Kidney, Histology


Sugar is everyday need of every human being. Sugar is produced from sugar mills situated in various parts of our country. Sugar mills produced a large amount of sugar with many types of byproducts which finally went into water sources (mainly rivers) as effluents. This effluent contains high amount of toxic elements with wide range of chemicals. This will definitely affect life of aquatic organisms like fishes in rivers. The present study is designed to carefully observe the histological changes produced by toxic substances present in Chatta sugar mill effluent in kidney of Channa punctatus.


Download data is not yet available.


[1]. Allen, P. (1994). Mercury accumulation profiles and their modification by interaction with cadmium and lead in the soft tissues of the cichlid Oreochromis aureus during chronic exposure. Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 53(5):684-92.
[2]. Banerjee, S. and Bhattacharya, S. (1994). Histopathology of kidney of Channa punctatus exposed to chronic nonlethal level of elsan, mercury and ammonia. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf., 29(3):265-275.
[3]. Csepai, F. (1978). Histological detectable dystrophies in the carps kidney exposed to chronic effect of some pesticides. Magy. Allatorv. Lapja., 33: 55-58.
[4]. Gardner, G.R. and Yevich, P.P. (1969). Studies on the blood morphology of three estuarine cyprinodontiform fishes. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 26:433-447.
[5]. Gardner, G.R. and Yevich, P.P. (1970). Histological and hematological responses of an estuarine teleost to cadmium. J. Fish. Res. Board Can., 27:2185-2196.
[6]. Gupta, A.K. and Dalela, R.C. (1987). Kidney damage in Notopterus notopterus (Pallas) following exposure to phenolic compounds. J. Environ. Biol., 8: 167-172.
[7]. Hall, T.J., Haley, R.K., Borton, D.L., Walsh, A.H., and Wolke, R.E. (1992). Histopathology of Rainbow Trout after longterm exposure to biologically treated bleached kraft mill effluent in experimental stream channels. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 49(5): 939-944.
[8]. Humason, G.L. (1979). Animal Tissue Techniques (4th edition). W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco. 661 pp.
[9]. Lindstoma-Seppa, P., Koivussri, V. and Hanninen D.O. (1981). Extrahepatic xenobiotic metabolism in North European freshwater fish. Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 69: 291.
[10]. Waite, D.T, Joshi, S.R., Sommerstad, H., Wobeser, G., and Gajadhar, A.A. (1990). A toxicological examination of whitefish and northern pike exposed to uranium mine tailings. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol., 19(4): 578-582.
How to Cite
Prakash, S., & Capoor, A. (2018). Sugar Mill Effluent Induced Histological Changes in Kidney of Channa punctatus. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 9(1), 32-35. Retrieved from