Changes in total protein in Liver and Kidney of freshwater fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch.) after intoxication of Carbaryl
Keywords:Pesticides, LC50, Carbaryl, Channa punctatus, Protein
Pesticides are one group of toxic compounds linked to human use that have a profound effect on aquatic fauna. Fish may be good indicators of contamination by pollutants because their biochemical responses are quite similar to found in mammals. Studies on toxic effects of carbaryl (a carbamate pesticide) on liver and kidney of freshwater fish Channa punctatus have been made. The LC50 value of carbaryl was calculated 10.05mg/l for various time periods 24, 48, 72 and 96 hrs. The study was conducted to investigate the total protein changes in the liver and kidney of freshwater fish, Channa punctatus exposed to different sub-lethal concentrations of pesticide carbaryl for a period of 15, 30, 45, 60, 75 and up to 90 days. Carbaryl intoxication in Channa punctatus caused significant decrease in total protein in liver and kidney as compared to control. The reasons for such changes have been discussed in this paper.
. Bhagat, P.R. (2008). Study of physico-chemical characteristics of the accumulated water of pond of Lohara, at Yavatmal (M.S.). Rasayan J. Chem., 1: 195–197.
. Jaroli, D.P. and B.L. Sharma (2005). Effect of organophosphate insecticide on the organic constituents in liver of Channa punctatus. Asian J. Exp. Sci., 19(1): 121-129.
. Koul, P.C., Mastan, S.A. and Qureshi, T.A. (2007). Sub-lethal effect of Dichlorvos (DDVP) on certain biochemical parameters of Channa gachua (Ham.). Journal Herbal Medicine and Toxicology, 1(2): 29–32.
. Kumar, A., Tripathi, N. and Tripathi, M. (2007). Fluoride, induced biochemical changes in freshwater catfish Clarias batrachus (Linn.). Fluoride, 40(1): 37–41.
. Mustafa, S. (1983). Changes in Biochemical composition in Starving Catfish Heteropneustes fossilis. Japanese Journal of Ichthyology, 29(4): 416-420.
. Oketola, A.A. and Osibanjo, O. (2009). Industrial pollution load assessment by industrial pollution projection system (IPPS). Toxicological & Environmental Chemistry, 91(5): 989-997. DOI: 10.1080/02772240802614564.
. Sasaki, Y.F., Izumiyama, F., Nishidate, E., Ishibashi, S., Tsuda, S., Matsusaka, N., Asano, N., Saotome, K., Sofuni, T. & Hayashi, M. (1997). Detection of genotoxicity of polluted sea water using shellfish and the alkaline single-cell gel electrophoresis (SCE) assay: a preliminary study. Mutat. Res., 393(1-2): 133-139.
. Srivastava, N. and Verma, H. (2009). Alterations in biochemical profile of liver and ovary in zinc-exposed fresh water murrel, Channa punctatus (Bloch). J. Environ. Biol., 30(3): 413–416.
. Stepanowska, K., Nedzarek, A. and Rakusa-Suszczewski, S. (2006). Effect of starvation on the biochemical composition of blood and body tissue in the Antarctic fish Notothenia coriiceps and excreted metabolic products. Polar Bioscience, 20: 46–54.
. Tilak, K.S., Raju, P.W. and Butchiram, M.S. (2009). Effects of alachlor on biochemical parameters of the freshwater fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch). J. Environ. Biol., 30(3): 420-426.
. Tripathi, P.K., Srivastava, V.K. and Singh, A. (2003). Toxic Effects of Dimethoate (Organophosphate) on Metabolism and Enzyme System of Freshwater Teleost Fish Channa punctatus. Asian Fisheries Science, 16: 349-359.