Dermatoglyphics Study of a Group of Violent Criminals & Sexual Offenders in Erbil City

  • Karim J. Karim Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University. Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq.
  • Saifadin Khder Mustafa Department of Medical Microbiology, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University. Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq. http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3053-392X
  • Mohammed A. Saleem Department of Biology, College of Science, University of Salahaddin-Erbil, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq.
  • Rebin A. Omar Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Health, Koya University. Koya KOY45, Kurdistan Region – F.R. Iraq.
Keywords: Fingerprint patterns, Finger ridge count, Violent Criminals, Sexual offenders

Abstract

According to scientists dermatoglyphics proved that is a very useful tool for identification of various gene-linked abnormalities and many human diseases. The aim of this study is to compare the differences in the finger ridge count (FRC) and fingerprint pattern. The study was conducted on 30 prisoners (15 violent criminals and 15 sexual offenders) and 30 students as a control group in Erbil city, Kurdistan Region, Iraq. Exemplar prints of prisoners were obtained from the Directorate of Erbil Central Prison, while for the control group fingerprints were obtained from the students of the biology department, Koya University by ink method to examine the differences between the fingerprint patterns. The result of fingerprint patterns showed that there was no significant difference between violent criminals and controls. The results of fingerprint patterns in sexual offenders showed a significant decrease of ulnar loop in both hands (right and left)  (P=0.001) (P=0.035) respectively, when compared to the control group, while double loop increased significantly in both right and left hands (P=0.001) (P=0.006) respectively, when compared to normal social behaviors. Fingertip ridge counts of violent criminals showed no significant difference in most digits of both hands with exception of middle finger that increased significantly (P=0.006) (P=0.022) respectively, when compared with control group, while for the sexual offenders also there was no significant difference in most digits only index and little finger of right hand showed significant increase (P=0.034) (P=0.033) respectively, when compared with control group.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

[1]. Ravindranath, R., Joseph, A.M., Bosco, S.I., Rajangam, S. & Balasubramanyam, V. (2005). Fluctuating asymmetry in dermatoglyphics of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Bangalore-based population. Indian J. Hum. Genet., 149-153.
[2]. Kahn, H.S., Graff, M., Stein, A.D. & Lumey, L.H. (2009). A fingerprint marker from early gestation associated with diabetes in middle age: The Dutch Hunger Winter Families Study. Int. J. Epidemiol., 38(1): 101-109. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyn158.
[3]. Kiran, K., Rai, K. & Hegde, A.M. (2010). Dermatoglyphics as a noninvasive diagnostic tool in predicting mental retardation. J. Int. Oral Health, 2(1): 95-100.
[4]. Jahanbin, A., Mahdavishahri, N., Naseri, M.M., Sardari, Y. & Rezaian, S. (2010). Dermatoglyphic Analysis in Parents with Nonfamilial Bilateral Cleft Lip and Palate Children. Cleft Palate Craniofac. J., 47(1): 9–14. https://doi.org/10.1597/08-045.1.
[5]. Razavi, L. (1975). Cytogenetic and dermatoglyphic studies in sexual offenders, violent criminals, and aggressively behaved temporal lobe epileptics. Proc. Annu. Meet. Am. Psychopathol. Assoc., 63: 75-94.
[6]. Agarwal, K.K., Dutt, H.K., Saxena, A., Dimri, D., Singh, D. & Bhatt, N. (2012). General Assumption of Psychological Behavior Based on Finger Print Pattern. Journal of Biology and Life Science, 3(1): 59-65. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.5296/jbls.v3i1.1499.
[7]. Sarviya, B., Chaudhari, J., Patel, S.V., Rathod, S.P. & Singel, T.C. (2011). A Study of Palmar Dermatoglyphics in Leprosy in Bhavnagar District. Study of Dermatoglyphics in Leprosy Patient. National Journal of Integrated Research in Medicine, 2(2): 46-49.
[8]. Andani, R., Kubavat, D., Malukar, O., Nagar, S.K., Uttekar, K. & Patel, B. (2012). Palmar Dermatoglyphics in Patients of Thalassemia Major. National Journal of Medical Research, 2(3): 287-290.
[9]. Pal, S., Chattopadhyay, S.K., Maity, P., Roy, S., Danda, T.K. & Bharati, P. (2013). A Comparative study of dermatoglyphic patterns in patients with primary glaucoma and control group. Human Biology Review, 2(3): 223-229.
[10]. Cummins, H. & Midlo, C. (1926). Palmar and plantar epidermal ridge configurations (dermatoglyphics) in European-Americans. Am. J. Phys. Anthropol., 9(4): 471–502. doi: 10.1002/ajpa.1330090422.
[11]. Bhu, N. & Gupta S.C. (1981). Study of palmer dermatoglyphics in diabetes mellitus. Journal of the Diabetes Association of India, 21: 99-107.
[12]. Gustavson, K.-H., Modrzewska, K. & Sjöquist, K.-E. (1994). Dermatoglyphics in Individuals with Asocial Behaviour. Upsala J. Med. Sci., 99(1): 63-67. DOI: 10.3109/03009739409179351.
[13]. Sawant, S.U., Kolekar, S.M. & Jyothi, P. (2013). Dermatoglyphics in male patients with schizophrenia. International Journal of Recent Trends in Science and Technology, 6(2): 109-114.
[14]. Ghodsi, Z., Shahri, N.M. & Ahmadi, S.K. (2012). Quantitative and Qualitative Study of Dermatoglyphic Patterns in Albinism. Curr. Res. J. Biol. Sci., 4(4): 385-388.
Published
2019-10-17
How to Cite
Karim, K., Mustafa, S., Saleem, M., & Omar, R. (2019). Dermatoglyphics Study of a Group of Violent Criminals & Sexual Offenders in Erbil City. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 10(4), 100-103. Retrieved from https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/318
Section
Articles
Abstract viewed = 50 times, PDF downloaded = 24 times