Brucellosis in Wayanad Tribal Goat Population: A Preliminary Serological Survey

Authors

  • P. M. Priya Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Covas), Pookot, Wayanad District-673576, Kerala, India.
  • Nithina K Baburaj Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Covas), Pookot, Wayanad District-673576, Kerala, India.
  • Nikesh Kiran Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Covas), Pookot, Wayanad District-673576, Kerala, India.
  • Shimi Rajan Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Covas), Pookot, Wayanad District-673576, Kerala, India.

Keywords:

Caprine Brucellosis, Serological Tests, RBPT, STAT, Kerala

Abstract

Caprine brucellosis is an endemic disease and is present in many countries. It causes heavy losses in goats and is transmissible to man. The study aimed at determining the seroprevalence of caprine brucellosis for the first time by serological tests in Wayanad district of Kerala, where goat rearing is the main occupation among tribal women. A total of 24 sera were positive by the RBPT with a seroprevalence of 5.7%. Upon STAT testing of all the 420 sera, 18 out of 24 samples (4.3%) showed presence of Brucella antibodies. Considering sensitivity, specificity and ease in performing the test, it is suggested that a combination of RBPT and STAT can be used in the diagnosis of caprine brucellosis in order to control and eradicate the disease.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abd El-Razik, K.A., Desouky, H.M. & Ahmed, W.M. (2006). Evaluation of different Brucella diagnostic techniques on Baladi does experimentally infected with Brucella melitensis. Online. J. Vet. Res., 10: 219-234.

Agrawal, R., Kumar, M. & Singh, J.L. (2007). Seroprevalence of brucellosis in Uttaranchal. Indian Vet. J., 84: 204-205.

Ahmadu, B., Sikazwe, M.S., Sakala, R. & Pandey, G.S. (1999). Seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis in cattle at Lusaka Abattoirs. Bull. Anim. Hlth. Prod. Africa, 47: 119-121.

Alton, G.G. (1970). Caprine Brucellosis. FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Brucellosis. Document Bruce. WP/70.7.

Asghar, A., Hassanain, O. & Abbas, B. (2005). Seroprevalence of brucellosis in Sheep slaughtered during rituals. Indian Vet. J., 82: 801-802.

Bala, A.K. & Sidhu, N.S. (1982). Studies on disease resistance vis-à-vis susceptibility in farm animals III, genetic group difference for the incidence of brucellosis in cattle. Indian J. Ani. Hlth., 21: 61.

Blasco, J.M., Garin-Bastuji, B., Marin, C.M., Gerbier, G., Fanlo, J., Jimenez de Bagues, M.P. & Cau, C. (1994). Efficacy of different Rose Bengal and complement fixation antigens for the diagnosis of Brucella melitensis infection in sheep and goats. Vet. Rec., 134(16): 415-420.

Crawford, R.P., Huber, J.D. & Adams, B.S. (1990). Epidemiology and Surveillance. (Eds Nielsen, K. & Duncan, J.R). Animal Brucellosis. CRC Press, Florida. pp: 131-148.

Folhadella, I.M., Jesus, V.L.T., Folhadella, D.S., Goulart, I., Andrade, C.M. & Pinheiro, I.P.L. (2001). Risk factors for occurrence of bovine brucellosis in cattle farms in Rio de Janeiro state. Rev. Brasileira de Reprod. Anim., 25: 239-240.

Fraser, C.M., Bergeron, J.A., Mays, A. & Aiello, S.E. (1991). The Merck Veterinary Manual, 7th edition, Merck and Co. Inc. Rahway, N. J., USA, pp: 669-672.

Ghani, M. (1995). Seroepidemiological study on brucellosis in domestic animals by using standard plate, standard tube, rivanol and 2-mercapto ethanol tests in Peshawar District of N.W.F.P. Indian Vet. J., 72: 976.

Kumar, P., Singh, D.K. & Barbuddhe, S.B. (1997). Serological evidence of brucellosis in sheep and goats. Indian J. Ani. Sci., 67(3): 180-182.

Mahajan, N. & Kulshresta, R.O. (1991). Comparison of Serological test for Brucella melitensis infection in sheep. Trop. Anim. Hlth. Prod., 23:11-16.

Martin S.W., Meek, A.H. & Willeberg, P. (1988). Veterinary Epidemiology: Principles and Methods. Iowa State University Press/ Ames.

Nicoletti, L.P. (1980). The epidemiology of Bovine Brucellosis. Adv. Vet. Sci. Comp. Med. 24: 69-98.

Olayinka, O., Ishola, T. & Ongundipe, G.A.T. (2000). Seroprevalence of brucellosis in trade cattle slaughtered in Ibadan, Nigeria. Bull. Ani. Hlth. Prod. Africa, 48: 53-55 (Abstract).

Omer, M.K., Holstand, G., Skjerve, E., Woldehiwet, Z. & MacMillian, A.P.G. (2000). Prevalence of antibodies to Brucella species in cattle, sheep, goats, horses and camels in the State of Eritrea, influence of husbandry system. Epidemiol. Infect., 125: 447-453.

Radostits, D.M., Blood, D.C. & Gay, C.C. (2005). Veterinary Medicine: A textbook of the diseases of cattle, sheep, pigs, goats and horses. 10th edition. Bailliere Tindall, Great Britain.

Singh, G., Sharma, D.R. & Dhand, N.K. (2004). Seroprevalence of brucellosis in Punjab. Indian Vet. J., 81: 620-623.

Singh, A., Agrawal, R., Singh, R., Singh, D.K. & Pande, N. (2010). Seroprevalence of brucellosis in small ruminants. Indian Vet. J., 87: 224-225.

Downloads

Published

01-10-2010

How to Cite

Priya, P. M., Baburaj, N. K., Kiran, N., & Rajan, S. (2010). Brucellosis in Wayanad Tribal Goat Population: A Preliminary Serological Survey. Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology, 1(2), 101–103. Retrieved from https://e-journal.sospublication.co.in/index.php/jalrb/article/view/41

Issue

Section

Articles