Brucellosis in Wayanad Tribal Goat Population: A Preliminary Serological Survey
Keywords:Caprine Brucellosis, Serological Tests, RBPT, STAT, Kerala
Caprine brucellosis is an endemic disease and is present in many countries. It causes heavy losses in goats and is transmissible to man. The study aimed at determining the seroprevalence of caprine brucellosis for the first time by serological tests in Wayanad district of Kerala, where goat rearing is the main occupation among tribal women. A total of 24 sera were positive by the RBPT with a seroprevalence of 5.7%. Upon STAT testing of all the 420 sera, 18 out of 24 samples (4.3%) showed presence of Brucella antibodies. Considering sensitivity, specificity and ease in performing the test, it is suggested that a combination of RBPT and STAT can be used in the diagnosis of caprine brucellosis in order to control and eradicate the disease.
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