Assessment of Physicochemical Properties of Flash from TISCO Power Plant, Jamadoba, Jharia Coalfields, Jharkhand, India
This paper deals with some selected physicochemical properties of fly ash collected from a TISCO power plant at Jamadoba, Dhanbad, Jharkhand, India. The physical properties such as bulk density, moisture content, specific gravity, porosity water holding capacity and grain size distribution (sand, silt, clay) were measured, being 0.94gm/cc, 0.73%, 1.84%, 60.25% 76.55% and sand 63.3%, silt 32.6%, clay 2.6% respectively. The chemical properties included in this study were pH, electrical conductivity, organic carbon, cation exchange capacity and available nitrogen. The aim of the present study is to assess the suitability of fly ash of TISCO power plant at vegetation purposes in the low lying areas or degraded land. These physicochemical properties are of also great importance in the backfilling of opencast mines, plantation and reclamation of the abandoned opencast project.
. Mishra, U.C. (2004). Environmental impact of coal industry and thermal power plants in India. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 72: (1-2) 35-40.
. USGS (2002). Mineral Industry Surveys: Coal Combustion Products.
. Kumar, V., Kumar, A. & Mathur, M. (2003). Management of fly ash in India: A Perspective. Proceedings of Third International Conference on Fly Ash Utilization & Disposal, New Delhi.1:1-18.
. Adriano, D.C., Page, A.L., Eleewi, A.A., Chang, A.C. and Straugham, I. (1980). Utilization and disposal of fly ash and coal residues on soil, turf grass and groundwater quality. Water, Air, Soil Pollution, 139: 365-385.
. Khandkar, U.R., Gangwar, M.S., Srivastava, P.C. & Singh, M. (1993). Edaphological characteristics of unweathered and weathered fly ashes from Gondwana and Lignite coal. Environment Pollution, 79(3):297-302.
. Sadasivan, S. and Negi, B.S. (1991). Chemical characteristics of fly ash from coal fired thermal power plants in India. Science of the Total Environment, 103(2-3): 151-158.
. Carlson, C.L. and Adraino, D.C. (1993). Environmental impacts of coal combustion residues. J. of Env. Quality, 22: 227 -247.
. Aitken, R.L. and Bell, L.C. (1985). Plant uptake and Phytotoxicity of boron in Australian fly ash. Plant and Soil, 84: 245 -257.
. Rao, A.V. (1999). Characteristics of fly ash & its application - A Brief Review, Proceedings of the National Seminar on Fly ash Characteristics & its Geotechnical Applications. IISC, Bangalore, India.
. Page, A.L., Miller, R.H. & Kewy, D.R. (1982). American Soc. of Agronomy, Monogram, Vol. 2, 9.
. Chang, A.C., Lund, L.J., Page, A.L. & Warneke, J.E. (1977). Physical properties of fly ash amended soils. Journal of Env. Quality, 6: 267-270.
. Pandey, M. (1998). Environmental management in a fluidized bed thermal power station in JCF, Proc. of the Seventh National Symposium on Environment, ISM, Dhanbad, Jharkhand. 234 -236.
. Paul, B. (2001). Investigation into the utilization of fly ash in the economic management of mining degraded land with special reference to the TISCO leasehold area in Jharia Coalfield, Ph.D. Thesis, Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, India.
. Maiti, S.K., Singh, G. and Srivastava, S.B. (2005). Study of the possibility of utilizing fly ash for backfilling and reclamation of opencast mines: Plot and field scale study with Chandrapura fly ash. FAUP, TIFAC, DST, New Delhi, India.
. Aswar, W.R. (2001). Fly ash disposal and utilization: National scenario, International Conference on Fly ash Disposal and Utilization, New Delhi, India. 80 -86.
. Walkley, A. & Black, C.A. (1934). An examination of the degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method. Soil Sci., 37:29-38.
. Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd. New Delhi, India.
. Subbiah, B.V. & Asija G.L. (1956). A rapid procedure for estimation of available nitrogen in soils. Current Science, 25: 259 -260.
. Kumar, N., Loveson, V.J. & Singh, T.N. (1998). Effect of the bulk density on the growth and biomass of the selected grasses over mine dumps around coal mining areas, Proc. of the Seventh National Symposium on Environment, ISM, Dhanbad, Jharkhand. 182-185
. Rai, A.K., Paul, B. and Singh, G. (2010). Physicochemical properties of fly ash and soil from TISCO power plant, Jharia coalfield, Jharkhand, India. Journal of Report and Opinion, 2(10): 50-57.
. Mishra, S. & Singh, G. (2007). Comprehensive characterization of and leaching studies of CCRs from Chandrapura Thermal Power Station, Jharkhand. First International Conference on MSECCMI, New Delhi, India. 823 - 827.
. Punjab Agriculture University (1993). Utilization of fly ash in agriculture and re-vegetation of dumping sites. Annual Progress Report.
. Dewangan, P., Pradhan, M., Kishore, N. (2010). Utilization of fly ash as a structural fill material for safe and sustainable development: Need of the Hour. Indian Min. Eng. J. Mine Tech, 10: 134 -139.
. Elseewi, A.A., Binghman, F.T. and Page, A.L. (1978). Growth and mineral composition of lettuce and swiss chard grown on fly ash amended soils, in Environmental Chemistry and Cycling processes, Conf. 760429, Adriano, D.C. and Brisbin, I.L., Eds., U.S. Department of Commerce.
. Jastrow, J.D., Zimmerman, C.A., Dvorak, A.J. and Hinchman, R.R. (1979). Comparison of lime and fly ash as amendments to acidic coal mine refuse: Growth Responses and Trace Element Uptake of Two Grasses. Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, 43.
. Page, A.L., Elseewi, A.A. and Straughan, I.R. (1979). Physical and chemical properties of fly ash from coal-fired plants with reference to environmental impacts. Residue Rev., 71, 83-120.
. Sharma, S. (1989). Fly ash dynamics in soil-water systems. Critical Reviews in Environmental Control, 19(3), 251-275.
. Maiti, S.K. (2003). Handbook of Methods in Environmental Studies, Volume 1: Air, Noise and Overburden analysis, ABD Publishers, Jaipur, India.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.