The Effect of Fertilizer Treatments at Three Compactness Levels on Qualitative Traits of Sport Lawn in Winter Season
Keywords:Sport Lawn, Organic Fertilizer, Compaction, Appearance Quality
Lawn quality, which introduces by good color, density, uniformity and texture varies depending on the species, maintenance operation, and time of the year. In the current study, the effect of organic fertilizers containing Leaf Mold (LM), Rice Husk (RH), manure, Spent Mushroom Compost (SMC), a mixture of LM, RH and SMC (mixture 1), a mixture of LM, RH and manure (mixture 2), with the ratio of 1:1:1 and control (no fertilizer) at three levels of soil compactness including roller weights of 36, 56, 76 kilograms on qualitative traits of sport lawn were investigated in winter season. Treatments were applied in a strip plot design with three replications, in research farm of Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources during fall 2008-2009. According to achieved results, manure and RH treatments in first and second compaction and manure treatment in third compaction level showed the highest amount of chlorophyll content. In visual assessment, the highest and lowest of lawn quality was observed in the manure and the control treatment respectively. In first and second compaction, the maximum height was observed in manure treatment. Control and LM treatments showed the minimum height. In third compaction, maximum and minimum heights were associated with manure and control treatment respectively.
. Agnew, M.L. (1992). Slow-Realize fertilizers: Natural Organic Nitrogen Source. Golf course management, 70- 75.
. Angle, J.S. (1994). Sewage sludge compost for establishment and maintenance of turfgrass. In: Leslie, A.R. (Ed), Handbook of residue integrated pest management for turf and ornamentals. (pp. 45-52.) Lewis publisher, Boca Raton.
. Angle, J.S., Wolf, D.C. & Hall, J.R. (1981). Turfgrass growth aided by sludge compost. Biocycle, 2, 40-43.
. Arghavani, M., Kafi, M., Khalighi, A. & Naderi, R. (2006). The effect of various culture media and netting on some sod quality traits. Iranian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 37(6): 1023-1029 (In Farsi).
. Carey, K. (1997). Performance of Ecoval product on “Penncross” creeping bentgrass USGA putting greens (Annual Research Report 1997: 48-56). Guelph Turfgrass Institute.
. Carrow, R.N. (1997). Turfgrass response to slow-release nitrogen fertilizers. Agronomy, 89: 491-496.
. Carrow, R.N. (1980). Influence of soil compaction on three turfgrass species. Agronomy Journal, 72: 1038-1042.
. Cheng, H., Xu, W., Liu, J., Zhao, Q., He, Y. & Chen, G. (2007). Application of Composted Sewage Sludge (CSS) as a soil amendment for turfgrass growth. Ecological Engineering, 29: 96-104.
. Davis, J.G. & Dernoeden, H. (2002). Dollar spot severity, tissue nitrogen, and soil microbial activity in bentgrass as influenced by nitrogen source. Crop Science, 42: 480-488.
. Garling, D.C. & Boehm, M. (2001). Temporal Effects of Compost and Fertilizer Applications on Nitrogen Fertility of Golf Course Turfgrass. Agronomy Journal, 93: 548-555.
. Geisel, P., Le Strange, M. & Silva, D. (2001). Topdressing compost on Bermuda grass: Its effect on turf quality and weeds. California Turfgrass Culture, 51(1): 1-4.
. Haghighi, M., Kafi, M. and Tehranifar, A. (2006). Effect of decay level of SMC (Spent Mushroom Compost) and media Diameter and compound on turfculture in Hydromulching Method. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology 8(5): 691-693.
. Ling-zhi, T., Zhao-rong, D., Jie, S., Bo, Z., Chang-an, L. & Yan-yan, L. (2004). Effect of mowing and topdressing of nitrogen on photosynthetic characteristics in triticale. Journal of Anhui Agricultural University, 31(1): 72-75.
. Nasrollahzade Masoleh, A., Amiri, A. & Razavipour Komle, T. (2009). Effect of Azula compost, Manure and chemical fertilizer on Oryza sativa. In 11th Iranian soil sciences congress, 12-15 Jul., Gorgan University of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources, Iran, Gorgan, P 321 (In Farsi).
. Soldat, D., Petrovic, A.M., Rao, R. & Bruulsema, T.W. (2007). Testing turfgrass soil. Better Crops with Plant Food, 91(1): 26-27.
. Soltani, A. (2007). Application of SAS software in the statistical analysis (for agricultural fields). Jahad- Daneshgahi Mashhad press (In Farsi).
. Tranavi?ien?, T., Šikšnianien?, J.B., Urbonavi?i?t?, A., Vagusevi?ien?, I., Samuolien?, G., Duchovskis, P., & Sliesaravi?ius, A. (2007). Effect of nitrogen fertilizers on wheat photosynthetic pigment and carbohydrate contents. Biologija, 53(4): 80-84.
. Bilgili, U., & Acikgoz, E. (2007). Effect of nitrogen fertilization on quality characteristics of four turf mixtures under different wear treatment. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 30: 1139-1152.