Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology 2019-04-11T10:59:24+00:00 Pradeep Kumar Open Journal Systems Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology is a UGC Approved, Open access, Peer-reviewed, Biological Science Journal, published quarterly (January, April, July and October) by the Society of Open Science. Prevalence of Color Blindness among Students of four basic schools in Koya City 2019-04-11T10:59:24+00:00 Harem Othman Smail Evan Mustafa Ismael Sayran Anwer Ali <p>Color blindness or color vision deficiency is X-linked recessive disorder that affects males more frequently than females. Abnormality in any one or all three cone photoreceptors caused Congenital disorders. Protanopia, deuteranopia results when long wavelength (L), photopigments (red), middle wavelength (M) and photopigments (green) are missing.</p> <p>This cross-sectional study was done to find out the prevalence of color vision deficiency among basic school students in Koya city with different ages and genders. The study was conducted in four basic schools that were present in Koya city (Zheen, Zanst, Nawroz and Najibaxan).</p> <p>All students screened by using Ishihara 24 plates. For the study (n=400, male=206, female=194, age=8-14) were selected &amp; examined. The result revealed that the prevalence rate of the deficiency in four primary schools 3.39% (7) in males and 0% females. &nbsp;The study concluded that color blindness is different between students in each school, cannot find the prevalence of Color blindness in females in each school and affects males more than females because color blindness is an X-linked recessive disorder. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of color blindness in some basic schools in Koya city, Kurdistan Region/ Iraq.</p> 2019-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Dose-dependent Pupicidal, Adulticidal and Ovicidal activities of leaf extracts of Tiliacora acuminata on Japanese encephalitis vector Culex vishnui group 2019-04-11T10:59:23+00:00 Someshwar Singha <p>Vector of Japanese encephalitis is <em>Culex vishnui</em> group of mosquito and control of that mosquito is facing threat due to emergence of resistance to synthetic insecticides. Insecticides of plant origin now act as suitable alternate for control of JE vector. To investigate dose-dependent pupicidal, adulticidal and ovicidal activities, crude and acetone extracts of leaf of <em>Tiliacora </em><em>acuminata</em> were used against <em>Cx. vishnui</em> group of mosquito. In case of dose-dependent pupicidal activity, highest mortality observed at 1.5% concentration of crude extract and 75 ppm of acetone extract with 45.67% and 67.67% mortality respectively after 36 h of exposure followed by 24h and 12h. In case of adulticidal activity, highest mortality in crude extract was observed at 2.5% concentration with 73% of adult mosquitoes were dead, but in acetone extract at 120 ppm concentration shows nearly about 67% mortality of adult mosquitoes after 24 h of exposure. While in ovicidal activity at 0.5% crude extract have 11.67% egg hatching so nearly about 88.33% ovicidal activity takes place at this concentration. In acetone extract, there was nearly about 93.33% ovicidal activities at 55 ppm concentration. So leaf extracts of <em>T. acuminata</em> may be used as better pupicidal, adulticidal and ovicidal plant origin insecticide for control of <em>Cx. vishnui</em> group of mosquito. Further research is required to isolate and characterize the active principle of<em> T. acuminata</em> plant leaf extract.</p> 2019-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Comparative Study of the Fingerprint Pattern among Diabetic (Type 1) & Non-Diabetic Children in Koya City 2019-04-11T10:59:22+00:00 Harem Othman Smail Sabat Sardar Kareem Nawzheen Muhamad Abdulkareem <p>Dactyloscopy is a branch of Dermatoglyphics (investigate of epidermal ridges) which includes estimation and classification of unique finger impression patterns for detection. The whole unique finger impression patterns are laid down for all time for the third month of the intrauterine living and they continue unchanged throughout life.</p> <p>This is, in addition, the period after every organ in the body is finalizing their progress. Consequently, a positive link of the dermatoglyphic character through dissimilar diseases like diabetes, mongolism, schizophrenia and leprosy have been correctly reported in the literature.</p> <p>The aim of the study is to show a relationship among fingertip patterns between type 1 diabetes cases in comparison to controls together with children in Koya City. In this study, 16 type 1 diabetic subjects and 16 controls were selected from the children in the Koya city in Kurdistan region of Iraq and their fingerprints were taken by the ink method.</p> <p>Overall the results showed that there is a significant difference in fingerprints between type 1 diabetes and controls in children. The print patterns, including whorls, arches, loops and suntypes were analysed for both cases. In conclusion, the findings of this study indicate possible markers for the use of dermatoglyphics in early diagnosis of type 1 diabetes in children.</p> 2019-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Aqueous Bark extract of Terminalia arjuna protects against Cigarette Smoke-induced alterations in Serum Lipid Profile of Albino Rats 2019-04-11T10:59:21+00:00 Rajni Singh Asha Agarwal <p>The present study aimed to evaluate the protective effect of aqueous bark extract of <em>Terminalia arjuna</em> against cigarette smoke-induced changes in serum lipid profile of albino rats. The rats were divided into three groups. One control group (I) and two experimental groups (II and III), all three groups consisting of five rats each. The control group (I) was unexposed to cigarette smoke. Experimental group (II) was exposed to cigarette smoke (6 cigarettes) for one hour/day for 30 days and experimental group (III) was exposed to cigarette smoke along with oral administration of aqueous bark extract of <em>Terminalia arjuna</em> (5mg/rat/day) for 30 days. The findings showed a significant (<em>P</em>&lt;0.01) increase in serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) with significant (<em>P</em>&lt;0.01) decrease in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) level in cigarette smoke-exposed albino rats in comparison to control rats while a significant (<em>P</em>&lt;0.01) decrease in serum cholesterol, serum triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) and very-low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) with significant (<em>P</em>&lt;0.01) increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) after oral administration of aqueous bark extract of <em>Terminalia arjuna</em> in comparison to cigarette smoke-exposed albino rats</p> 2019-04-11T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##