Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology 2018-12-09T00:49:45+00:00 Pradeep Kumar Open Journal Systems Journal of Advanced Laboratory Research in Biology is a UGC Approved, Open access, Peer-reviewed, Biological Science Journal, published quarterly (January, April, July and October) by the Society of Open Science. The Integration of Microbial Inoculation and Organic Fertilization to Improve the Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Land 2018-12-09T00:49:45+00:00 Mostafa AS AbdElgalil Osama MS Harb Abd El-Rahim S Abo-Elhamd Mustafa M Ibrahim Atef A Hassan <p>This study was conducted to investigate the integration between the microbial inoculation and organic fertilization to improve the wheat productivity. Therefore, two wheat varieties (Misr-1 and Seds-12) were tested under three rates (8, 10 and 12 tons/fed) of supported compost and various microbial inoculation treatments during of 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 seasons. The main obtained results revealed that the Misr-1 wheat variety recorded significant increases in yield and its components except average of grains number/spike during the two seasons. Moreover, the interaction among three experiment factors showed that Misr-1 wheat variety, 10 ton/fed of supported compost and microbial inoculation by <em>Trichoderma + Bacillus subtilis</em> gave the greatest values for number of spike/m<sup>2</sup>, spike weight, average grain weight per spike, 1000-grain weight, biological yield, total yield/fed and protein content. However, highest number of grains per spike were recorded with Seds-12 wheat variety and 10 tons/fed of supported compost + inoculated by <em>Trichoderma + Bacillus subtilis</em>.</p> 2016-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Cuticular Biochemistry: Lambda-Cyhalothrin Induced Alterations in Mutant Drosophila melanogaster 2018-12-09T00:49:44+00:00 Harendra N. Sharma Prabhu N. Saxena Vishnu Kumar Upadhyay Namrata Rana Nishi Saxena <p>Derivatives of natural pyrethrum, synthetic pyrethroids, are well-established neurotoxins. However, they do interfere with the functioning of metabolic processes; the most important of these is chitin metabolism, a key process in the development of insects. Type II synthetic pyrethroid, lambda-cyhalothrin, when orally fed to <em>Drosophila melanogaster</em> revealed its efficacy in chitin synthesis modulation. Total proteins, glucosamine, N-acetylglucosamine, chitinase activity and chitin content exhibit significant changes in the final developmental stage, the adults. A reduction in chitin synthesis is suggestive of interference in polymerization process which is a must for cuticle formation. Involvement of lambda-cyhalothrin in chitin synthesis has been sought to be an additional mode of action, other than its neurotoxic nature.</p> 2016-07-01T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##